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Книги по Linux (с отзывами читателей)

Библиотека сайта или "Мой Linux Documentation Project"

Составитель: В.А.Костромин, 2006-07 г.
(Постоянная ссылка - http://rus-linux.net/lib.php?name=/po/00_base_shell.koi)

Компоненты операционной системы

Оболочки (командные интерпретаторы)

(Вернуться к оглавлению)

Собственно оболочки Разные дополнения к оболочкам Что почитать?
  • ash is a lightweight Bourne compatible shell. Great for machines with low memory, but does not provide all the extras of shells like bash, tcsh, and zsh.
  • GNU Bash (Bash) GNU Bourne-Again SHell - an sh-compatible command language interpreter that executes commands read from the standard input or from a file. Bash also incorporates useful features from the Korn and C shells.
    Самый популярный shell для Linux.
  • BUSH is a powerful Linux/UNIX shell for designing secure, reliable shell scripts that can be later compiled as a fast executable programs.
  • CLISH is a modular framework for implementing a CISCO-like CLI on a Unix system. Arbitrary command menus and actions can be defined using XML files. This software handles the user interaction, and forks the appropriate system commands to perform any actions.
  • DBAShell is a project based around Shell functions and scripts designed to make it easy for DBAs to use databases in a command line environment. It offers automatic setting of environment variables, functions to run scripts, store and provide script passwords, check database status, stop/start databases, run script commands in a parallel, compile all database objects, etc. Currently supported is Oracle with ksh and bash on AIX, Solaris, and Linux.
  • fish (The friendly interactive shell) (fish) Интерактивная и дружелюбная оболочка. Предусмотрен вызов страниц с документацией в окне web-браузера. Поддерживает буфера обмена X-Window. Лицензия: GPL.
    fish is a user friendly shell intended mostly for interactive use. A shell is a program which allows you to execute other programs by typing their names.
  • flash is a (hopefully) secure shell which will only execute administrator defined programs, while also being very user friendly. Flash is fully windowed (using an ncurses interface), is driven by cursor keys, has hotkey support, has fascist logging support and more. The latest version of flash (0.9.5 11th Nov 2001)
  • fsh fsh is a drop-in rsh-compatible replacement for ssh that automatically resuses ssh tunnels. The latest version of fsh - 23th.12.2001)
  • Group Shell Gsh is a tool to aggregate several remote shells into one. It is used to launch an interactive remote shell on many machines at once.
  • Heirloom Bourne Shell The Heirloom Bourne Shell is a portable variant of the traditional Unix shell. It is especially suitable for testing the portability of shell scripts and for processing legacy scripts.
  • IPython Замена стандартной интерактивной оболочки Python с возможностью использования в качестве shell. Имеет практически все возможности bash: автоподстановку по Tab, историю и т.д. Лицензия: BSD.
  • Iron Bars SHell (Iron Bars SHell) Безопасная командная оболочка. Позволяет администратору определить набор команд, с которыми позволено работать обычному пользователю, и даже типы файлов, которые позволено пользователю создавать -- всё недозволенное ibsh тотчас же попросту сотрёт.
    Iron Bars Shell is a restricted Unix shell. The user can not step out of, nor access files outside the home directory. It is written in C for Linux. No libraries used. It is small, fast, secure. Two ascii configuration files for more control.
  • ksh93 Public Domain Korn Shell, also a complete, powerful, high-level programming language for writing applications, often more easily and quickly than with other high-level languages
  • lsh is a free implementation (in the GNU sense) of the ssh version 2 protocol, currently being standardised by the IETF SECSH working group.
  • oksh is a port of OpenBSD's version of ksh for Linux.
  • posh is a stripped-down version of pdksh with several improvements that aims for compliance with Debian's /bin/sh policy, and few extra features.
  • psh Perl Shell - A fairly simple read-eval loop. The -w flag and 'use strict' are not employed so that the user is not bound by their stipulations. Setting $^W = 1 will turn on warnings, and calling '' will do the usual thing if called by the user.
  • PShell is a small yet powerful UI to a customized secured shell in perl. (2001 год)
  • rootsh is a wrapper for shells which logs all echoed keystrokes and terminal output to a file and/or to syslog. It's main purpose is the auditing of users who need a shell with root privileges. They start rootsh through the sudo mechanism.
  • RouterCli is a Cisco-like shell for diskless or one-floppy Linux mini-distributions. Замена стандартного shell для бездисковых и мини-дистрибутивов Linux.
  • rrs Reverse Remote Shell: a reverse (connecting) remote shell. Instead of listening for incoming connections it will connect out to a listener (rrs in listen mode). The listener will accept the connection and receive a shell from the remote host. rrs features full pseudo-tty support, full OpenSSL support (high encryption, client/server authentication, choice of cipher suites), Twofish encryption, a simple XOR cipher, plain-text (unencrypted) session, peer-side session monitoring (snooping), daemon option and reconnection features.
  • rssh is a restricted shell for use with OpenSSH, allowing only scp and/or sftp. For example, if you have a server which you only want to allow users to copy files off of via scp, you can use rssh to do that.
  • sash is a stand-alone shell with many built-in commands.
  • Scsh is a Unix shell embedded in Scheme. It provides full access to POSIX as well as extensions common to most Unix implementations.
  • Squirrel Shell is a cross-platform alternative to system shells like bash in *nix and command.com (cmd.exe) in MS Windows. It is based on a powerful scripting language named "Squirrel".
  • tcsh Расширенное и дополненное переиздание оболочки csh. Имеет: управление заданиями, редактирование командной строки, история команд, автодополнение, спеллинг вводимых команд.
    Tcsh is an enhanced, but completely compatible version of the Berkeley UNIX C shell (csh). It is a command language interpreter usable both as an interactive login shell and a shell script command processor. It includes a command-line editor, programmable word completion, spelling correction, a history mechanism, job control and a C-like syntax.
  • Web shell Обычный Unix-shell, работающий через HTTP.
  • Zsh Командный процессор, который может использоваться как командный процессор для скриптов, так и интерактивная оболочка. Имеет: настраиваемый механизм дополнений, исправление неправильных комманд, редактирование командной строки, история команд. Большинство возможностей bash, ksh и tcsh встроено в zsh, а кроме того, добавлено множество оригинальных опций.
  • vshnu: the New Visual Shell
  • Ah-tty is an automatic helper for command prompts and shells.
  • AIBash is an extension of the ordinary bash which tries to make the bash more intelligent.
  • AUMenu is a Menu Shell for Unix Systems that provides a simple professional looking menu interface to enable non-technical people to use.
  • Bash.Diff Патч к GNU Bash, который объединяет массу полезных функций из Awk, Python, Zsh, Ksh и др. Содержит интерфейсы баз данных GDBM, SQLite, PostgreSQL и MySQL.
  • Bashish is a theme-engine for bash and other Bourne-style shells that will make your prompt themeable.
  • pprom lets you use, create, and manage shell prompts written in a simple, portable syntax.
  • PseudoPod allows users to access a root shell with a full audit log through sudo.
  • scponly is an alternative 'shell' (of sorts) for system administrators who would like to provide access to remote users to both read and write local files without providing any remote execution priviledges. Functionally, it is best described as a wrapper to the tried and true ssh suite of applications.
  • sudosh is a free software / Open Source C library that handles Resource Description Framework (RDF) query syntaxes, query construction and query execution returning result bindings. The supported query languages are RDQL and SPARQL.
  • shtool is a compilation of small but very stable and portable shell scripts into a single shell tool.
  • tacshell is a drop-in replacement for the RSA ACE/Server sdshell program, which allows UNIX shell authentication via a SecurID token.
  • tcshrc creates a set of configuration scripts for the TCSH shell. These scripts exploit the most advanced features of tcsh.
  • umenu Universal Menu System - a menu interface to Linux commands
  • vimsh is an interactive shell buffer. It allows execution of shell commands in a vim buffer, without having to suspend the vim session.
  • Zoidberg A modular Perl shell written, configured, and operated entirely in Perl. It aspires to be a fully operational login shell with all the features one normally expects. But it also gives direct access to Perl objects and data structures from the command line, and allows you to run Perl code within the scope of your command line.
  • Ссылки в "Виртуальной энциклопедии""
  • А.Федорчук, "О шеллах"

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