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L

L1

Level 1 [cache] From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

L2

Level 2 [cache] From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

L2F

Layer 2 Forwarding [protocol] (Shiva, Cisco, IP, IPX, LLC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

L2TP

Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (PPP, VPN, IP) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

l2tpd

A layer 2 tunneling client/server program. l2tpd is the open source implementation of the l2tp tunneling protocol (rfc2661). It does implement both LAC and LNS role in a l2tp networking architecture. The main goal of this protocol is to tunnel PPP frame trough an ip network. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LA

Limited Availability (IBM, OS/2) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LA

Location Area (MSC, GSM, mobile-systems) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

labelnation

A command-line label-printing program Label Nation is a Perl program that provides a command-line interface for printing onto peel-off label sheets. It comes with built-in support for the most common label standards (Avery Dennison 5160, Maco LL-5805, etc.), plus the ability to define your own label parameters. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAC

Lotus Authorized Consultants (Lotus) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lacheck

A simple syntax checker for LaTeX. LaCheck is a simple syntax checker for LaTex that is based on a single-pass lexical scanner. This makes clear that there are a lot of LaTeX problems this program cannot find, although it will find most simple mistakes. Complex macro packages may, however, make it completely unusable. This program was bundled with AUC TeX up until recently and is best known from there. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ladspa-sdk

sample tools for linux-audio-dev plugin architecture LADSPA is a free standard specification for audio effect plugins. Contains sample plugins, and analyseplugin, listplugin, applyplugin programs, and the ladspa.h, the LADSPA specification. Please build-depend on this package if you need ladspa.h From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LADT

Local Access Data Transport From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAEC

Lotus Authorized Education Center (Lotus) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAG

Logical Address Group (ION) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Lag

The delay in information coming across the network through telnet or other types of connections, usually caused by a slow or error-prone connection somewhere between the two communicating machines. Technically there are two causes of lag, the second being chew. From KADOWKEV http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAM

Local Area Multicomputer (Parallel Computing) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lam-mpidoc

Documentation for the Message Passing Interface standard. This package contains man pages describing the Message Passing Interface standard. These pages are newly provided by the LAM package, and are also found in the mpi-doc package build from the mpich source package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lam-runtime

LAM runtime environment for executing parallel programs. LAM is an implementation of the Message Passing Interface (MPI) protocol commonly used in parallel processing applications. Some enhancements in LAM 6.3 are: o Added the MPI-2 C++ bindings package (chapter 10 from the MPI-2 standard) from the Laboratory for Scientific Computing at the University of Notre Dame. o Added ROMIO MPI I/O package (chapter 9 from the MPI-2 standard) from the Argonne National Laboratory. o Pseudo-tty support for remote IO (e.g., line buffered output). o Ability to pass environment variables through mpirun. o Ability to mpirun shell scripts/debuggers/etc. (that eventually run LAM/MPI programs). o Ability to execute non-MPI programs across the multicomputer. o Added configurable ability to zero-fill internal LAM buffers before they are used (for development tools such as Purify). o Greatly expanded error messages; provided for customizable local help files. o Expanded and updated documentation. o Various bug fixes and minor enhancements. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lam3

Shared libraries used by LAM parallel programs. LAM is an implementation of the Message Passing Interface (MPI) protocol commonly used in parallel processing applications. This package provides the shared library. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lambda

extended unicode TeX From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lambdacore

core database for lambdamoo Lambdacore is a lambdamoo database, a set of objects and programs that are run by the lambdamoo server to add functionality to lambdamoo. Lambdacore includes: * Integrated help system * Internal mail and news * Object editors * Additional object classes Lambdacore provides a base that you can build on to create your own lambdamoo system. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lambdamoo

a server for an online multiuser virtual world Lambdamoo is a server for a virtual world, a computer program which users can log into and explore. Each user takes control of a computerized persona/avatar/incarnation/character. You can walk around, chat with other people, solve puzzles, and even create your very own rooms, descriptions and items. Advanced users can program Lambdamoo, via its built in object-oriented programming language. Lambdamoo only provides the bare framework for your virtual world. A lambdamoo guru could theoretically start with lambdamoo and the included minimal core database and work their way up to a full-fledged system. The rest of us will want to install the lambdacore or jhcore packages which add objects and functionality to lambdamoo. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAMP

Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP (Linux, Apache, PHP) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAN

Local Area Network (LAN) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAN

Local Area Network - a computer network which operates over short distances, usually at high speed. Typically, LANs are isolated in single buildings but in the case of some universities can connect a number of buildings. WANs (or Wide Area Networks) typically connect an enterprise or institution which might be separated by larger distances. From Faculty-of-Education http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAN

see local area network (LAN). From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAN (Local Area Network)

A private transmission that interconnects computers within a building or among buildings for the purpose of sharing voice, data, facsimile, and/or video. From Glossary of Distance Education and Internet Terminology http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAN Manager

LAN Manager is the older file server product from Microsoft and IBM. The details of this aren't all that important except that backwards compatibility has introduced security holes in products 10 years later. LAN Manager authentication splits a password into two case-insensitive parts that are 7 letters each. Therefore, if your password was "RobertGraham.com", under LAN Manager it would be the same as "ROBERTG RAHAM.C". Whereas new products like Win98, WinNT, and SAMBA support newer/stronger authentication methods, the need for backwards compatibility often exposes the LAN Manager password, which can easily be cracked. From Hacking-Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LANCE

LAN Controller for Ethernet (LAN) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LANE

Local Area Network Emulation [over ATM specification] (ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

langdrill

Language Drills langdrill is a helper for testing your foreign language vocabulary. It uses GTK+ toolkit and VDK (a C++ wrapper arround VDK). langrill looks similar with JavaDrill (JavaDrill helped me cristalize the ideas on how langdrill should look like). Limited support for Japanese characters displaying is included. For this, Japanese fonts must be installed on your system. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

language-env

simple configuration tool for native language environment This tool adds basic settings for natural language environment such as LANG variable, font specifications, input methods, and so on into user's several dot-files such as .bashrc and .emacs. This version of language-env supports Belarusian, Bulgarian, Danish, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Macedonian, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Thai, and Ukrainian. Japanese support comes from precursor package 'user-ja'. Thai support is written by Chanop Silpa-Anan. German support comes from 'user-de' package version 0.8. Spanish support comes from 'user-es' 0.5. Russian support is written by Peter Novodvorsky <petya@logic.ru>. Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian and Ukrainian supports are written by Anton Zinoviev <zinoviev@debian.org>, the Belarusian translation is by Alexander Mikhailian <mikhailian@altern.org>, and the Serbian translation is by Milos Rancic <millosh@users.sourceforge.net>. Korean support is written by Ho-seok Lee <alee@kuls.korea.ac.kr>. French support is written by Nicolas Sabouret <nico@limsi.fr>. Polish support is written by Robert Luberda <robert@debian.org>. Danish support is written by Claus Hindsgaul <claus_h@image.dk>. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LANL

Los Alamos National Laboratory (org., USA) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lanoche

creates laptop or notebook hardware report in HTML lanoche should fit on smaller systems, for instance a "One Floppy Linux". Therefore no Perl or other sophisticated programming methods are used. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Lanthan Linux

A German Linux distribution for Windows-PCs with revolutionary concept of installation. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Laonux

Laonux is a relatively small Linux distribution that contains most of the basics that you would expect in a Linux system, but nothing more. It features gcc-2.95.2, glibc 2.1.2, and kernel 2.2.14. It is not easy to install, but it provides a complete system. It is great for hobbyists who wish build up their own personalized Linux distribution from a basic core. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAP

Link Access Procedure / Protocol (CCITT, X.25) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lapack

a library of linear algebra routines - shared version LAPACK version 3.0 is a comprehensive FORTRAN library that does linear algebra operations including matrix inversions, least squared solutions to linear sets of equations, eigenvector analysis, singular value decomposition, etc. It is a very comprehensive and reputable package that has found extensive use in the scientific community. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lapack-pic

a library of linear algebra routines - static PIC version LAPACK version 3.0 is a comprehensive FORTRAN library that does linear algebra operations including matrix inversions, least squared solutions to linear sets of equations, eigenvector analysis, singular value decomposition, etc. It is a very comprehensive and reputable package that has found extensive use in the scientific community. Normally one would want to use non-PIC code for static linking. In this case, install lapack-dev. This package is provided for other packages, such as atlas, needing access to PIC versions of the lapack objects in their own build process. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lapack-test

a library of linear algebra routines - testing programs LAPACK version 3.0 is a comprehensive FORTRAN library that does linear algebra operations including matrix inversions, least squared solutions to linear sets of equations, eigenvector analysis, singular value decomposition, etc. It is a very comprehensive and reputable package that has found extensive use in the scientific community. These testing and timing programs have been run against the shared library in the lapack package. The results have been collected in the files test_results and timing_results. These programs are provided separately here so that the user can test and compare alternate versions of the lapack libraries, such as those provided by the atlas packages, and the lapack99 package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lapack99

linear algebra library - shared version, rev. 10/99 LAPACK version 3.0 is a comprehensive FORTRAN library that does linear algebra operations including matrix inversions, least squared solutions to linear sets of equations, eigen analysis, SVD, etc. It is a very comprehensive and reputable package that has found extensive use in the scientific community. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAPB

Link Access Procedure - Balanced (CCITT, LAP, X.25) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAPD

Link Access Procedure on the D channel (X.21, ISDN, TA) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAPIC

Local Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller (PIC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAPM

Link Access Procedure for Modem From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAPS

LAN Adapter and Protocol Support From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

laptop-net

Automatically adapt laptop ethernet This package supports the built-in ethernet of laptops by providing several integrated features that automatically adapt the laptop to the network environment. The package is easily configured to support a wide variety of network environments, and supports manual as well as automatic management of the network interface. The package can automatically: start and stop the network interface at appropriate times; disable the network interface when the network cable is removed, and enable it when the cable is inserted; select the network interface's IP address, either by probing the network for known hosts or by use of the DHCP protocol; customize the laptop's software configuration to match the network interface's IP address. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

laptop-netconf

network detection and configuration program for laptops laptop-netconf can automatically determine the network to which your laptop is connected, from a set of preconfigured alternatives. Once the network has been detected, you can run arbitrary scripts to configure the services on your laptop for correct local operation. This package requires some basic networking knowledge at present. A sample configuration is enclosed. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

larswm

Lars Window Manager with tiled windows larswm is a hack for 9wm, adding automatic window tiling, virtual desktops and many other features designed to make it a very efficient user environment. It uses very little CPU time and virtual memory. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LASER

Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

laser printer

Printer technology using laser-based imaging and heating element that bonds toner (powder ink) to the printing medium. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LASER5

Japanese distribution originally based on Red Hat Linux. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LASS

Local Area Signaling Service From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

last

show listing of last logged in users From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lastb

show listing of last logged in users From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lastlog

examine lastlog file From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAT

Local Area Transport (DEC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LATA

Local Access Transport Area From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

latd

LAT (Local Area Transport) Daemon This is a server for DEC LAT. It allows users to log in to the Linux system from a LAT terminal server and also the creation of "reverse" LAT ports on the system that connect to other LAT services on the network. There is also an llogin utility that allows users to login to remote LAT services. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Latency

Latency refers to a time lag between the access and transmission of data. In the case of multimedia distributed over networks, it is crucial that this be rectified, or at least synchronised -- a simple example of this is keeping compressed video in synchronisation with audio. From Faculty-of-Education http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

latex

structured text formatting and typesetting From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

latex2html

LaTeX to HTML translator. LaTeX2HTML is a conversion tool that that converts documents written in LaTeX to HTML format. In addition, it offers an easy migration path towards authoring complex hypermedia documents using familiar word-processing concepts. LaTeX2HTML replicates the basic structure of a LaTeX document as a set of interconnected HTML files which can be explored using automatically generated navigation panels. The cross-references, citations, footnotes, the table of contents and the lists of figures and tables, are also translated into hypertext links. Formatting information which has equivalent ``tags'' in HTML (lists, quotes, paragraph breaks, type styles, etc.) is also converted appropriately. The remaining heavily formatted items such as mathematical equations, pictures or tables are converted to images which are placed automatically at the correct positions in the final HTML document. LaTeX2HTML extends LaTeX by supporting arbitrary hypertext links and symbolic cross-references between evolving remote documents. It also allows the specification of conditional text and the inclusion of raw HTML commands. These hypermedia extensions to LaTeX are available as new commands and environments from within a LaTeX document. Pstoimg, the part of latex2html that produces bitmap images from the LaTeX source, can support both GIF and PNG format. Because of certain legal limitations on the use of the GIF image format, GIF support is disabled in this package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

latex2rtf

convert from LaTeX to RTF format Attempts to convert as much formatting information as possible from LaTeX to Microsoft's Rich Text Format (RTF). While RTF has limited support for mathematical markup, it is widely supported as a "least common denominator" word processing format. Home Page: http://latex2rtf.sourceforge.net/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LATM

Local Asynchronous Transfer Mode From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

latte

The Language for Transforming Text (currently to html) Latte is a simple and powerful language for including markup in text documents. Documents written in Latte can be converted to high-quality HTML, making it a good language for writing World Wide Web documents. A Latte mode for Emacs is included as well as an Emacs autoloader. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

launcher

Selects which program to launch according to extension. Launcher maps files to MIME types via filename extension or output from the Unix "file" command. If there are more than one handler defined for a given MIME type it presents you with a GUI giving you a choice of which one to use. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lavaps

a lava lamp of currently running processes From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lavaps

a lava lamp of currently running processes Lavaps is an interactive process-tracking program like ``top'', but with a much different attitude. Rather than presenting lots of specific info in digital form, it tries to present certain important information in a graphical analog form. The idea is that you can run it in the background and get a rough idea of what's happening to your system without devoting much concentration to the task. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAVAS

LAger- und VersandAbwicklungsSystem (MBAG) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAVC

Local Area VAX Cluster (VAX, DEC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAW

Local Authority Workstation From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LAWN

Local Area Wireless Network From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LBA

Logical Block Addressing (EIDE) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LBA (Logical Bloack Addressing)

Part of the Enhanced IDE standard, permits hard disks to store up to 8.4GB of data. Without LBA, hard disks could store only 528MB of data. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lbdb

The little brother's database for the mutt mail reader This package consists of a set of small tools, which collect mail addresses from several sources and offer these addresses to the mutt external query feature. At the moment the following modules are supported: - m_finger (uses the finger(1) command) - m_inmail (scans incoming mail for addresses) - m_passwd (searches /etc/passwd) - m_yppasswd (searches the YP password database) - m_nispasswd (searches the YP password database) - m_getent (searches the configured password database) - m_pgp2, m_pgp5, m_gpg (searches your PGP or GnuPG keyrings) - m_fido (searches the Fidonet nodelist) - m_abook (uses the address book application abook(1)) - m_addr_email (uses addr-email from the addressbook Tk program) - m_muttalias (searches your Mutt mail aliases) - m_pine (searches your Pine addressbook files) - m_wanderlust (search the WanderLust alias database) - m_palm (uses your Palm database; needs libpalm-perl package) - m_gnomecard (uses GnomeCard database files) - m_bbdb (search your BBDB (big brother database)) - m_ldap (query some LDAP server) From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LBM

Local Bus Master From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LBN

Logical Block Number (LBA) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lbreakout2

A ball-and-paddle game with nice graphics lbreakout2 is a game similar to the classics breakout and xboing, featuring a number of added graphical enhancements and effects. You control a paddle at the bottom of the playing-field, and must destroy bricks at the top by bouncing balls against them. lbreakout2 is a complete rewrite of the game "lbreakout". Users of lbreakout probably want to install this. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LBS

Location Based Service From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LBT

Local Bus Targets From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LBX

Low-Band with X From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lbxproxy

Low Bandwidth X (LBX) proxy server Applications that would like to take advantage of the Low Bandwidth extension to X (LBX) must make their connections to an lbxproxy. These applications need know nothing about LBX, they simply connect to the lbxproxy as if were a regular X server. The lbxproxy accepts client connections, multiplexes them over a single connection to the X server, and performs various optimizations on the X protocol to make it faster over low bandwidth and/or high latency connections. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lbxproxy

Low BandWidth X proxy From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LC

Linux Computer (Corel) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LC

Loopback Capability (UNI, ATM, OAM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCA

Logic Cell Array From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCA

[Sair] Linux [and GNU] Certified Administrator (Linux, GNU, Unix) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lcap

Removes 'capabilities' in the kernel, making the system more secure Capabilities are a form of kernel-based access control. This program provides a user-friendlier way than setting proc/sys/kernel/cap-bound by hand to remove capabilities from your Linux kernel. For example, you can remove the capability to load kernel modules by executing 'lcap CAP_SYS_MODULE' as root. Then no one, not even root, can load modules into your kernel. This can be useful for tightening the security of your Linux machines. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCC

Local Control Center From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCCM

LAN Client Control Manager (IBM, LAN) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCD

Liquid-Crystal Display (LCD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCD

LISP Code Directory (EMACS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCD

Loss of Cell Delineation (UNI, ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lcdproc

LCD display driver daemon This is a client/server suite inclduding drivers for all kinds of nifty LCD displays. The server supports several serial devices: Matrix Orbital, Crystal Fontz, Bayrad, LB216, LCDM001 (kernelconcepts.de), Wirz-SLI and PIC-an-LCD; and some devices connected to the LPT port: HD44780, STV5730, T6963, SED1520 and SED1330. Various clients are available that display things like CPU load, system load, memory usage, uptime, and a lot more. http://lcdproc.omnipotent.net/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCGI

Local Common Graphics Interface (CGI, WWW) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCM

LEAF Creation Method (EES, cryptography) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCN

Logical Channel Numbers From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCOS

Liquid Crystal On Silicon (LCD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCP

[PPP] Link Control Protocol (PPP, RFC 1570) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCP

[Sair] Linux [and GNU] Certified Professional (Linux, GNU, Unix) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCR

Least Cost Routing From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCS

Laboratory for Computer Science (MIT) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCS

Linux Compatibility Standard (Linux) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCS

Liquid Crystal Shutter From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCS

Lotus Communication Server From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCSS

Liquid Crystal Stereoscopic Shutter [display] From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCT

Last Compliance Time (GCRA) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCU

LAN CID Utility (LAN, CID, IBM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LCV

Line Coding Violation [error event] (DS1/E1, DS3/E3) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LD

LAN Destination (ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ld

Using LD, the GNU linker From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ld.so

The dynamic library loader. Each binary using shared libraries used to have about 3K of start-up code to find and load the shared libraries. Now that code has been put in a special shared library, /lib/ld.so, where all binaries can look for it, so that it wastes less disk space, and can be upgraded more easily. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ld.so.preload-manager

A utility to manage the libraries in /etc/ld.so.preload This script is written to be used with the installation of libsafe, but perhaps it could prove itself useful for more things ;) From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ld86

Linker for as86(1) From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDA

Local Delivery Agent From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDAP

A directory service, LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is used by e-mail programs (Microsoft, Netscape, Eudora, etc.) to allow you to lookup a person's name in a corporate database and find their e-mail address, phone number, and other information that the corporate administrators decided to put in there. Key point: Most corporate LDAP servers have little or no authentication. Finding LDAP servers and downloading their contents is an important step in the reconnaissance phase of a hacking attack. Key point: While LDAP is in theory lightweight, in practice it is still fairly complicated. There are many implementation and deployment bugs that can be exploited in order to break into servers. From Hacking-Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDAP

LDAP stands for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. As the name suggests, it is a lightweight client-server protocol for accessing directory services, specifically X.500-based directory services. LDAP runs over TCP/IP or other connection oriented transfer services. LDAP is defined in RFC2251 "The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (v3). A directory is similar to a database, but tends to contain more descriptive, attribute-based information. The information in a directory is generally read much more often than it is written. Directories are tuned to give quick-response to high-volume lookup or search operations. They may have the ability to replicate information widely in order to increase availability and reliability, while reducing response time. When directory information is replicated, temporary inconsistencies between the replicas may be OK, as long as they get in sync eventually. There are many different ways to provide a directory service. Different methods allow different kinds of information to be stored in the directory, place different requirements on how that information can be referenced, queried and updated, how it is protected from unauthorized access, etc. Some directory services are local, providing service to a restricted context (e.g., the finger service on a single machine). Other services are global, providing service to a much broader context. From LDAP-Linux-HOWTO http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDAP

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (RFC 1777, X.500, DS, AD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDAP

Lightwight Directory Access Protocol. Allows network nodes to get info on other nodes. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDAP

see lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldap-gateways

OpenLDAP Gateways These programs provide directory interaction (gateways) with your existing servers. They include fax, finger, gopher and mail gateways, aswell as some useful utilities. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldap-utils

OpenLDAP utilities. Utilities from the OpenLDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) package. These utilities can access a local or remote LDAP server and contain all the client programs required to access LDAP servers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldap2dns

LDAP based DNS management system. ldap2dns is a program to create DNS (Domain Name Service) records directly from a LDAP directory. It can and should be be used to replace the secondary name-server by a second primary one. ldap2dns reduces all kind of administration overhead: No more flat file editing, no more zone file editing. After having installed ldap2dns, the administrator only has to access the LDAP directory. ldap2dns is designed to write ASCII data files used by tinydns from the djbdns package, but also may be used to write .db-files used by named as found in the BIND package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDAPAPI

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol Application Program Interface (LDAP, RFC 1823, API), "LDAP API" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldapexplorer

A set of PHP-scripts to administrate LDAP over the WWW. LDAP Explorer is a handy LDAP Client tool designed to work as a generic web based, running on server side. You can use it to browse tree hierarchical LDAP server, add, modify or delete entries; and add, modify, delete attributes in an entry. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDCM

LANDesk Client Manager From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldconfig

determine run-time link bindings From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldconfig

Ldconfig is a basic system program which determines run-time linkbindings between ld.so and shared libraries. Ldconfig scans a running system and sets up the symbolic links that are used to load shared libraries properly. It also creates a cache (/etc/ld.so.cache) which speeds the loading of programs which use shared libraries. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDD

Lightly Doped Drain (IC, MOSFET) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldd

print shared library dependencies From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lde

Linux Disk Editor This allows you to view some Linux fs's (a la Norton disk edit), hex block and inode editing are now supported and you can use it to dump an erased file to another partition with a little bit of work. Supports ext2, minix, and msdos. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldetect

The hardware device lists provided by this package are used as lookup table to get hardware autodetection From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldetect-lst

The hardware device lists provided by this package are used as lookup table to get hardware autodetection From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDID

Logical Disk IDentifier (MS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldirectord

Monitors virtual services provided by LVS. ldirectord is a stand-alone daemon to monitor services of real for virtual services provided by The Linux Virtual Server (http://www.linuxvirtualserver.org/). It is simple to install and works with the heartbeat code (http://www.linux-ha.org/). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDP

Label Distribution Protocol (IETF, RFC 3036, MPLS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDP

Linux Document Projects (Linux) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDP

Loader Debugger Protocol (RFC 909) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldp-docbook-dsssl

The Linux Documentation Project's DSSSL stylesheets This is a customized stylesheet authored by contributors to the Linux Documentation Project. It imports standard DocBook stylesheets and overrides certain components. This package provides the DSSSL stylesheet; XSL versions can be found in ldp-docbook-xsl. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldp-docbook-xsl

The Linux Documentation Project's XSL stylesheets These are customized stylesheets authored by contributors to the Linux Documentation Project. They import standard DocBook stylesheets and override certain components. This package provides the XSL stylesheets; a DSSSL version can be found in ldp-docbook-dsssl. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldp-sag

HTML, PS version of Linux System Administrator's Guide This is the Linux System Administrator's Guide, one of the documents of the Linux Documentation Project. The Linux Documentation Project (LDP) is working on developing good, reliable documentation for the Linux operating system. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDR

Light Detect Resistor From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ldso

The Linux dynamic linker and library for libc4 and libc5. This dynamic linker provides the user-level support for loading and linking DLL and ELF shared libraries. You do not need this package unless you have very old programs which use libc4 or libc5. The libc6 package has its own dynamic linker that is used for all current programs. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDT

Lightning Data Transfer [bus] (AMD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDT

Local Descriptor Table (CPU, Intel) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDTR

Load Descriptor Table Register (CPU, Intel, assembler, IC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDTRC

Local Descriptor Table Register Cache (LDT, Intel, CPU) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LDVA

LaenderDatenVerareitungsAnlage From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LE

LAN Emulation (LANE, ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

le

Text Editor with block and binary operations LE has many block operations with stream and rectangular blocks, can edit both unix and dos style files (LF/CRLF), is binary clean, has hex mode, can edit large files and mmap'able devices in MAP_SHARED mode, has tunable syntax highlighting, tunable color scheme (can use default colors), tunable key map. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEA

Law Enforcement Agency (ETSI, ETSI 201 671) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEAF

Law Enforcement Access Field (EES, cryptography) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEAF (Linux Embedded Appliance Firewall)

LEAF (Linux Embedded Appliance Firewall) is an easy-to-use embedded Linux system that is meant for creating network appliances for use in small office, home office, and home automation environments. There are several branches of LEAF, including Bering, Dachstein, Oxygen, PacketFilter, and WRP. The initial release of Bering (Beta 4), was released March 7, 2002. Bering 1.2 was released May 11, 2003. Shorewall 1.3.9b was released October 23, 2002. Mosquito 3.4 was announced July 7, 2002. The WISP-Dist branch released version 2397 on December 26, 2002. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

leafnode

NNTP server for small leaf sites Leafnode is a news server suitable for small, limited-bandwidth sites with only a few users. Leafnode keeps track of which groups are being read, and downloads only articles in those groups. Leafnode has been designed to require no maintenance and to be easy to set up. Perl and the libnet-perl package are required to use some optional features of the package for handling very low volume newsgroups. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

leaktracer

Simple and efficient memory-leak tracer for C++ programs LeakTracer traces calls to new and delete, and reports inconsistencies in the C++-level memory-management. It has limitations (eg. when you override the new and delete operators yourself), but is very easy to use (eg. compared to more complete tools like mpatrol), traces the C++ level (unlike most other tools), and gives pretty good results. It uses gdb to display source-file information. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEARP

LAN Emulation Address Resolution Protocol (LANE, ARP, ATM), "LE-ARP" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEAS

LATA Equal Access System From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Leased Line

Refers to line such as a telephone line or fiber-optic cable that is rented for exclusive 24-hour, 7-days-a-week use from your location to another location. The highest speed data connections require a leased line. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

least privilege

A best-practices principle that states that users have only the minimum access they need, and no more. Example: System administrators typically have multiple accounts with different rights. For example, when I'm logged in as a normal user, I do not have rights to administrator my own machine. I must login as a separate account in order to administer the system, then log out as soon as I'm done. Most UNIX systems will use the hash/pound sign # at the command prompt in order to hint to the user that they have root access and should be careful. Key point: One of the leading causes of security breaches is authorization creep: as users change roles, they often get new privileges, but old privileges are rarely taken away. From Hacking-Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

leave

Reminds you when you have to leave Leave waits until the specified time, then reminds you that you have to leave. You are reminded 5 minutes and 1 minute before the actual time, at the time, and every minute thereafter. When you log off, leave exits just before it would have printed the next message. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEC

LAN Emulation Client (LANE, ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEC

Layered Error Correction (CD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEC

Local Exchange Carrier (FCC, LATA, IEC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LECID

LAN Emulation Client IDentifier (LANE, ATM, LEC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LECS

Local area network Emulation Configuration Server (ATM, LANE, LEC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LED

Light-Emitting Diode From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ledcontrol

Scriptable keyboard LED control Ledcontrol is a package designed to show any kind of information on the unused LEDs on your keyboard. Features include blinking LEDs, animations, priority levels etc. The GTK+ interface gled is in the package ledcontrol-gtk. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ledcontrol-gtk

GTK frontend for ledcontrol Ledcontrol-gtk is a GTK+ frontend for ledcontrol with which you can easily test different kinds of blinkings, animations, etc. with ledd. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ledit

A line editor for interactive programs. Ledit is a line editor, allowing to use control commands like in emacs or in shells (bash, tcsh). To be used with interactive commands. It is written in Ocaml and Camlp4 and uses the library unix.cma. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Leetnux

Leetnux is a Linux distribution specifically designed for Linux users who want maximum configuratibility. Therefore, the installation is quite hard, absolutely nothing is done "automagically" as in modern Linux distributions, but the user has total control over the installation. The idea behind Leetnux comes from Linux From Scratch, but a Leetnux system is not as "pure" as an LFS system, because a minimal pre-compiled system must be installed. Distribution development is not all that active. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

legos

Alternative OS for Lego Mindstorms RCX supports devel. in C/C++ A development environment and multitasking operating system for use as an alternative to the standard Lego Mindstorms RCX firmware. For more info: http://legos.sourceforge.net From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Leka Rescue Floppy

Leka Rescue Floppy is a Linux mini-distribution that installs into one floppy disk. It is meant for disaster recovery, but also contains many fine features like networking support, a dhcpd, a Web browser, and an IRC client. Initial release 0.5.0 is dated February 26, 2002. V0.5.1 was released the following day. Stable version 0.7.1 was released July 6, 2002. A floppy-based distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

leksbot

An explanatory dictionary of botanic and biological terms LEKSBOT is an explanatory dictionary of botanic and biological terms. Currently it contains about 1500 terms but the number is growing up and will cover other sciences relative with biology (entomology, etc.). The included program KATAXWR is a simple utility with which you can add terms in your personal database. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEL

Link, Embed and Launch (UNIX) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEM

LEM is a small i386 Linux distribution which provides full network and X Server. LEM has disappeared from this website [May 6, 2002]. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEMP

Lightning ElectroMagnetic Pulse From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEN

Low Entry Networking (IBM, SNA, PU) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEO

LeitungsEndgeraet, Optisch Mil., Germany From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LEO

Link Everything Online (WWW, TUM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LES

LAN Emulation Server (LANE, ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LES

Line Errored Seconds (DS1/E1, DS3/E3) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

less

A file pager program, similar to more(1) Less is a program similar to more (1), but which allows backward movement in the file as well as forward movement. Also, less does not have to read the entire input file before starting, so with large input files it starts up faster than text editors like vi (1). Less uses termcap (or terminfo on some systems), so it can run on a variety of terminals. There is even limited support for hardcopy terminals. Homepage: http://www.greenwoodsoftware.com/less/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

less

opposite of more From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

less

The less utility is a text file browser that resembles more, but has more capabilities. Less allows you to move backwards in the file as well as forwards. Since less doesn't have to read the entire input file before it starts, less starts up more quickly than text editors (for example, vi). You should install less because it is a basic utility for viewing textfiles, and you'll use it frequently. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

less

The less utility is a text file browser that resembles more, but has more capabilities. Less allows you to move backwards in the file as well as forwards. Since less does not have to read the entire input file before it starts, less starts up more quickly than text editors. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lessecho

expand metacharacters, such as * and ?, in filenames on Unix systems. From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lessfile

"input preprocessor" for less. From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lesskey

specify key bindings for less From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lesspipe

"input preprocessor" for less. From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lesstif

LessTif is a free replacement for OSF/Motif(R), which provides a full set of widgets for application development (menus, text entry areas, scrolling windows, etc.). LessTif is source compatible with OSF/Motif(R) 1.2. The widget set code is the primary focus of development. If you are installing lesstif, you also need to install lesstif-clients. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lesstif

Lesstif is an API compatible clone of the Motif toolkit. Most of the Motif 1.2 API is in place. Motif 2.1 functionality is being improved. Many Motif applications compile and run out-of-the-box with LessTif, and we want to hear about those that don't. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lesstif-bin

User binaries for LessTif. Contains user binaries for LessTif, the Hungry Programmers' version of OSF/Motif, including a clone of mwm, the Motif Window Manager. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lesstif-dbg

Library with debugging symbols for LessTif. LessTif, made by the Hungry Programmers, is a free (LGPL-ed) version of OSF/Motif; it aims ultimately at binary compatibility with Motif 1.2. Contains shared libraries with debugging symbols for libXm and libMrm. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lesstif1

OSF/Motif implementation released under LGPL. Contains runtime shared libraries for LessTif, the Hungry Programmers' version of OSF/Motif. Contains runtime shared libraries for libXm and libMrm. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

levee

a very small vi clone Levee is a screen oriented editor based on the Unix editor "vi". It provides a terse, powerful way to enter and edit text. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lex

a "Lexical Analyser". Its main job is to break up an input stream into more usable elements. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lex

fast lexical analyzer generator From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lexgrog

parse header information in man pages From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lexmark7000linux

A printer driver for Lexmark 7000 "GDI" printers This is the printer driver for Lexmark 7000 "GDI" printers. * Known to work with Lexmark 7000, 7200 and 5700 printers * 600x600 dpi Black & White printing * Preliminary 600x600 CMY colour printing for 7000, 7200 Note that Lexmark printer drivers are now available for Ghostscript, so Debian's gs / gs-aladdin packages will include Lexmark printer support. Hence, this lexmark7000linux package will be obsolete soon, if not already. :-) Author: Henryk Paluch <paluch@bimbo.fjfi.cvut.cz> From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LF

Line Feed (ASCII) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LF

Login Facility (DCE) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFA

Link Field Address (Forth) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFA

Local Feature Analysis From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFAP

Leight weight Flow Admission Protocol (Cabletron, RFC 2124) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFB

Linear Frame Buffer (CPU, VESA) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFCC

Linux Federation for Commercial Customers (Linux) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFE

Low Frequency Effect (audio) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFN

Long File Names From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFNBK

Long File Name BacKup (MS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFO

Low Frequency Oscillator From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFS

Loopback File System From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LFSR

Linear Feedback Shift Register (IC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lftp

LFTP is a shell-like command line ftp client. The main two advantages over other ftp clients are reliability and ability to perform tasks in background. It will reconnect and reget the file being transferred if the connection broke. You can start a transfer in background and continue browsing on the ftp site. It does this all in one process. When you have started background jobs and feel you are done, you can just exit lftp and it automatically moves to nohup mode and completes the transfers. It has also such nice features as reput and mirror. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lftp

LFTP is a sophisticated ftp/http file transfer program. Like bash, it has jobcontrol and uses the readline library for input. It has bookmarks, built-inmirroring, and can transfer several files in parallel. It is designed with reliability in mind. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lftp

Sophisticated command-line FTP/HTTP client programs Lftp is a file retrieving tool that supports FTP and HTTP protocols under both IPv4 and IPv6. Lftp has an amazing set of features, while preserving its interface as simple and easy as possible. The main two advantages over other ftp clients are reliability and ability to perform tasks in background. It will reconnect and reget the file being transferred if the connection broke. You can start a transfer in background and continue browsing on the ftp site. It does this all in one process. When you have started background jobs and feel you are done, you can just exit lftp and it automatically moves to nohup mode and completes the transfers. It has also such nice features as reput and mirror. It can also download a file as soon as possible by using several connections at the same time. Lftp can also be scriptable, it can be used to mirror sites, it let you copy files among remote servers (even between FTP and HTTP). It has an extensive online help. It supports bookmarks, and connecting to several ftp/http sites at the same time. This package also includes lftpget - A simple non-interactive tool for downloading files. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lg

Linux Gazette magazine. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lgeneral

A "Panzer General" - like game A game similar to well known to most of PC users strategic game - Panzer General. It is a turned-based strategy written by Michael Speck. Uses libSDL and requires X Window System. It's not a final version but works fine and is worth playing. Included HOWTO describes step-by-step how to create custom scenarios and campaigns. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LGPL

Lesser General Public License (GPL, GNU) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LGPL (Library GPL)

A variation of the GPL that covers program libraries. From I-gloss http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LGPO

Local Group Policy Object (AD, GPO) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LGX

Linux/GNU/X [distribution] (Yggdrasil, Linux, GNU) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lha

LHA is an archiving and compression utility for LHarc format archives. LHA is mostly used in the DOS world, but can be used under Linux to extract DOS files from LHA archives. Install the lha package if you need to extract DOS files from LHA archives. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LHArc

An older file compression and archiving method rarely used anymore. Files packaged with this technology typically have a .lha or .lzh extension. From I-gloss http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LI

Lawful Interception (ETSI) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIAP (Linux in a Pillbox)

This project puts together encapsulated pieces of a Linux operating system. Site is in English and Polish. Last update August 2001. A floppy-based distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIB

Linear Incremental Backoff (CSMA/CD, BEB) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libaa1

AA-lib is a low level gfx library just as many other libraries are. The main difference is that AA-lib does not require graphics device. In fact, there is no graphical output possible. AA-lib replaces those old-fashioned output methods with powerful ascii-art renderer. Now my linux boots with a nice penguin logo at secondary display (yes! LikeWin95 does:) AA-lib API is designed to be similar to other graphics libraries. Learning a new API would be a piece of cake! The AA library is needed for GIMP From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libacl

This package contains the libacl.so dynamic library which contains the POSIX 1003.1e draft standard 17 functions for manipulating access control lists. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libalsa2

Advanced Linux Sound Architecture (ALSA) is a modularized architecture which supports quite a large range of ISA and PCI cards. It's fully compatible with old OSS drivers (either OSS/Lite, OSS/commercial). To use the features of alsa, one can either use:- the old OSS api- the new ALSA api that provides many enhanced features.Using the ALSA api requires to use the ALSA library. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libao

Libao is a cross platform audio output library. It currently supports ESD, OSS, Solaris, and IRIX. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libart_lgpl

Graphics routines used by the GnomeCanvas widget and some other applications. libart renders vector paths and the like. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libart_lgpl2

This is the LGPL'd component of libart. Libart is a library forhigh-performance 2D graphics. All functions needed for running the Gnome canvas, and for printing support, will be going in here. The GPL'd component will be getting various enhanced functions for specific applications. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libatk1.0_0

Accessibility means providing system infrastructure that allows add-on assistive software to transparently provide specalized input and ouput capabilities. For example, screen readers allow blind users to navigate through applications, determine the state of controls, and read text via text to speech conversion. On-screen keyboards replace physical keyboards, and head-mounted pointers replace mice. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libattr

This package contains the libattr.so dynamic library which contains the extended attribute system calls and library functions. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libbmpeg1

The MPEG Library is a collection of C routines to decode MPEG movies and dither them in a variety of colour schemes. Most of the code in the library comes directly from the Berkely MPEG player, an X11-specific implementation that works fine, but suffers from minimal documentation and a lack of modularity. A front end to the Berkeley decoding engine was developed by Greg Ward at theMontreal Neurological Institute in May/June 1994 to facilitate the development of an MPEG player specifically for Silicon Graphics workstations. The decoding engine together with the MNI front end constitute the MPEG Library. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libbonobo

Bonobo is a component system based on CORBA, used by the GNOME desktop. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libbonobo

Bonobo is a library that provides the necessary framework for GNOME applications to deal with compound documents, i.e. those with a spreadsheet and graphic embedded in a word-processing document. This package contains various needed modules and files for bonobo 2 to operate. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libbonobo-activation4

Bonobo Activation is an object activation framework for GNOME. It uses ORBit. This package contains necessary libraries to run any programs linked with bonobo-activation. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libbonobo-conf0

Bonobo configuration moniker. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libbonobo2

Bonobo is a library that provides the necessary framework for GNOME applications to deal with compound documents, i.e. those with aspreadsheet and graphic embedded in a word-processing document. This package provides libraries to use Bonobo. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libbonoboui

Bonobo is a component system based on CORBA, used by the GNOME desktop. libbonoboui contains the user interface related components that come with Bonobo. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libbonoboui

Bonobo is a library that provides the necessary framework for GNOME applications to deal with compound documents, i.e. those with a spreadsheet and graphic embedded in a word-processing document. This package contains various needed modules and files for bonobo 2 to operate. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libbzip2_1

Library of bzip2 functions, for developing apps which will use thebzip2 library (aka libz2). From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libcap

libcap is a library for getting and setting POSIX.1e (formerly POSIX 6)draft 15 capabilities. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libcapplet0

This package provides the "libcapplet.so.0" library and header filesas found in GNOME 1, used by some packages not yet ported to GNOME 2. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libcapplet1

libcapplet originally belongs to GNOME control-center, and is a library necessary for 'capplets', which means different modules for control-center. It has been splitted off from control-center as a package of its own. This package contains the main libraries necessary to run capplets. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libcdda0

This is the development libraries for cdparanoia. cdparanoia is a complete rewrite of Heiko Eissfeldt's 'cdda2wav' program, and generally is much better at succeeding to read difficult discs with cheap drives. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libcddb-slave2_0

libraries for running GNOME media. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libconsole0

This package contains libraries for console tools From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libcups1

The Common Unix Printing System provides a portable printing layer for UNIX(TM) operating systems. This package contains the CUPS API library which contains common functions used by both the CUPS daemon and all CUPS frontends (lpr-cups, xpp, qtcups, kups, ...). This package you need for both CUPS clients and servers. It is also needed by Samba. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libcurl2

libcurl is a library of functions for sending and receiving files through various protocols, including http and ftp. You should install this package if you plan to use any applications that use libcurl From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libdb

The Berkeley Database (Berkeley DB) is a programmatic toolkit that provides embedded database support for both traditional and client/server applications. Berkeley DB is used by many applications, including Python and Perl, so this should be installed on all systems. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libdbcxx

The Berkeley Database (Berkeley DB) is a programmatic toolkit that provides embedded database support for both traditional and client/server applications. Berkeley DB is used by many applications, including Python and Perl, so this should be installed on all systems. This package contains the files needed to build C++ programs which use Berkeley DB. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libefs1

This is a first approach to implement a file-system-inside-a-file. The library is called libefs (EFS = Embedded File System). This package is part of Bonobo. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libelf

The libelf package contains a library for accessing ELF object files. Libelf allows you to access the internals of the ELF object file format, so you can see the different sections of an ELF file. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libevolution0

Evolution is the GNOME mailer, calendar, contact manager and communications tool. The tools which make up Evolution willbe tightly integrated with one another and act as a seamless personal information-management tool. This package contains dynamic librairies used by Evolution. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libexif-gtk4

Most digital cameras produce EXIF files, which are JPEG files with extra tags that contain information about the image. The EXIF library allows you to parse an EXIF file and read the data from those tags. This library does not contain any documentation, but it seems to make the connection between libexif, the core library for EXIF, and GTK-based graphical frontends. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libexif8

Most digital cameras produce EXIF files, which are JPEG files withe xtra tags that contain information about the image. The EXIF library allows you to parse an EXIF file and read the data from those tags. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libext2fs2

The e2fsprogs package contains a number of utilities for creating, checking, modifying and correcting any inconsistencies in second extended (ext2) filesystems. E2fsprogs contains e2fsck (used to repair filesystem inconsistencies after an unclean shutdown), mke2fs (used toinitialize a partition to contain an empty ext2 filesystem), debugfs (used to examine the internal structure of a filesystem, to manually repair a corrupted filesystem or to create test cases for e2fsck), tune2fs(used to modify filesystem parameters) and most of the other core ext2fs filesystem utilities. You should install libext2fs2 to use tools who use ext2fs features. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libf2c

This package contains Fortran 77 shared library which is needed to run Fortran 77 3.1 dynamically linked programs. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libfam0

fam, the File Alteration Monitor, provides a daemon and an API which applications can use to be notified when specific files or directories are changed.This package contains library used by fam daemon. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libfltk1.1

The Fast Light Tool Kit ("FLTK", pronounced "fulltick") is a LGPL'd C++ graphical user interface toolkit for X (UNIX(r)), OpenGL(r), and Microsoft(r) Windows(r) NT 4.0, 95, or 98. It was originally developed by Mr. Bill Spitzak and is currently maintained by asmall group of developers across the world with a central repository in the US. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libfontconfig1

Fontconfig is designed to locate fonts within the system and select them according to requirements specified by applications. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libg-wrap1

g-wrap is a tool for specifying types, functions, and constants to import into a Scheme interpreter, and for generating code (in C) to interface these to the Guile and RScheme interpreters in particular. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgail17

Gail is the GNOME Accessibility Implementation Library From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgal19

A collection of GNOME widgets and utility functions. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgal21

This the G App Libs (GAL). This module contains some library functions that came from Gnumeric and Evolution. The idea is to reuse those widgets across various larger GNOME applications that might want to use these widgets. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgcc

Some GCC version 3.0 and later compiled libraries and/or binaries need this shared support library. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgcj

The libgcj package includes the Java runtime library, which is needed to run Java programs compiled using the gcc Java compiler (gcj). From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libGConf2_4

GConf is a configuration data storage mechanism scheduled to ship with GNOME 2.0. GConf does work without GNOME however; itcan be used with plain GTK+, Xlib, KDE, or even text mode applications as well. This package contains necessary libraries to run any programs linked with GConf. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgd2

This package contains the library needed to run programs dynamically linkedwith libgdgd is a graphics library. It allows your code to quickly draw imagescomplete with lines, arcs, text, multiple colors, cut and paste fromother images, and flood fills, and write out the result as a .PNG or .JPGfile. This is particularly useful in World Wide Web applications, where .PNG and .JPG are two of the formats accepted for inline images by mostbrowsers. gd is not a paint program. If you are looking for a paint program, you are looking in the wrong place.gd does not provide for every possible desirable graphics operation. It is not necessary or desirable for gd to become a kitchen-sinkgraphics package, but version 1.7.3 incorporates most of the commonlyrequested features for an 8-bit 2D package. Support for truecolor images, including truecolor JPEG and truecolor PNG is planned for version 2.0. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgda0

GNU Data Access is an attempt to provide uniform access to different kinds of data sources (databases, information servers, mail spools, etc). It is a complete architecture that provides all you need toaccess your data. libgda was part of the GNOME-DB project(http://www.gnome.org/projects/gnome-db), but has beenseparated from it to allow non-GNOME applications to be developed based on it. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgdbm2

This package provides library needed to run programs dynamically linked with gdbm. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgdk-pixbuf2

The GdkPixBuf library provides a number of features: - Image loading facilities. - Rendering of a GdkPixBuf into various formats: drawables (windows, pixmaps), GdkRGB buffers. This package provides GTK+ version of gdk-pixbuf From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgdk_pixbuf2.0_0

This package contains libraries used by GTK+ to load and handle various image formats. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libghttp

The GNOME library for making HTTP 1.1 requests. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgimp1.2

This is the non so versionated parts of the gimp core, aka part that're either build for gimp-1.2.x or gimp-1.3.x. We can handle multiple libgimpX.Y_Z at the same time since they've different version (eg libgimp1.2_1 and libgimp1.2_3) but we can install only one libgimp1.2 at the same time. So come the split From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgimp1.2_1

This is the versionated library that contains the gimp fonctionnality core. It enable other programs to use gimp's features but is mainly intendedto be used by the GIMP and its "external" plugins. It contains :* libgck: color managment* libgimp: the gimp features core* libgimpui: the gimp GUI part From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgimpprint1

This is a high-quality printing library used by the GIMP-Print plugin, the "stp" color/photo inkjet/laser driver in GhostScript, and by specialized CUPS drivers. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libglade

Libglade is a small library that allows a program to load its user interface from am XML description at runtime. Libglade uses the XML file format used by the GLADE user interface builder GLADE, so libglade acts as an alternative to GLADE's code generation approach. Libglade also provides a simple interface for connecting handlers to the various signals in the interface (on platforms where the gmodule library works correctly, it is possible to connect all the handlers with a single function call). Once the interface has been instantiated, libglade gives no overhead, so other than the short initial interface loading time, there is no performance tradeoff. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libglade0

This library allows you to load user interfaces in your program, which are stored externally. This allows alteration of the interface without recompilation of the program. The interfaces can also be edited with GLADE. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libglib2.0_0

Glib is a handy library of utility functions. This C library is designed to solve some portability problems and provide other useful functionality which most programs require.Glib is used by GDK, GTK+ and many applications. You should install Glib because many of your applications will depend on this library. This package contains the library needed to run programs dynamically linked with the glib. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgmp3

The gmp package contains GNU MP, a library for arbitrary precision arithmetic, signed integers operations, rational numbers and floatingpoint numbers. GNU MP is designed for speed, for both small and verylarge operands.GNU MP is fast for several reasons: - it uses fullwords as the basic arithmetic type, - it uses fast algorithms - it carefully optimizes assembly code for many CPUs' most common inner loops - it generally emphasizes speed over simplicity/elegance in its operations From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnat

GNAT is a GNU Ada 95 front-end to GCC. This package includes shared libraries, which are required to run programs compiled with the GNAT. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnet1.1

Gnet is a simple network library. It is written in C, object-oriented, and built upon glib. It is intended to be small, fast, easy-to-use, and easy to port. The interface is similar to the interface for Java's network library. Features: * TCP 'client' sockets * TCP 'server' sockets * Non-blocking TCP sockets * UDP * IP Multicast * Internet address abstraction Gnet requires Glib 1.2. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnome

GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) is a user-friendly set of GUI applications and desktop tools to be used in conjunction with a window manager for the X Window System. The libgnome package includes non-GUI-related libraries that are needed to run GNOME. The libgnomeui package contains X11-dependent GNOME library features. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnome-vfs2_0

The GNOME Virtual File System provides an abstraction to common filesystem operations like reading, writing and copying files, listing directories and so on. This package contains the main GNOME VFS libraries, which is requiredby the basic GNOME 2 system. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnome32

GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) is a user-friendly set of GUI applications and desktop tools to be used in conjunction with a window manager for the X Window System. The gnome-libs package includes libraries that are needed to run GNOME. This package contains main library for GNOME From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnomecanvas

The canvas widget allows you to create custom displays using stock items such as circles, lines, text, and so on. It was originally a port of the Tk canvas widget but has evolved quite a bit over time. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnomecanvas2_0

The GNOME canvas is an engine for structured graphics that offers a rich imaging model, high performance rendering, and a powerful, high-level API. It offers a choice of two rendering back-ends, one based on Xlib forextremely fast display, and another based on Libart, a sophisticated, antialiased, alpha-compositing engine. Applications have a choice between the Xlib imaging model or a superset of the PostScript imaging model, depending on the level of graphic sophistication required. This package contains the main canvas library. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnomemm-1.2_9

This package provides a C++ interface for GnomeUI. It is a subpackage of the Gtk-- project. The interface provides a convenient interface for C++ programmers to create Gnome GUIs with GTK+'s flexible object-orientedframework. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnomeprint

GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) is a user-friendly set of applications and desktop tools to be used in conjunction with a window manager for the X Window System. The gnome-print package contains libraries and fonts needed by GNOME applications for printing. You should install the gnome-print package if you intend to use any ofthe GNOME applications that can print. If you would like to develop GNOME applications that can print you will also need to install the gnome-print devel package. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnomeprint

This is an implementation of the Gnome Printing Architecture, asdescribed in: http://www.levien.com/gnome/print-arch.html From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnomeprint15

This package contains the printing apparatus for GNOME, the complete graphical desktop environment based entirely on free software. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnomeprintui

The libgnomeprintui package contains GTK+ widgets related to printing. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnomeprintui2-2_0

This is an implementation of the Gnome Printing Architecture, as described in: http://www.levien.com/gnome/print-arch.html From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgnomeui

GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) is a user-friendly set of GUI applications and desktop tools to be used in conjunction with a window manager for the X Window System. The lib gnomeui packageincludes GUI-related libraries that are needed to run GNOME. (The libgnome package includes the library features that do not use the X Window System.) From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgphoto2

This library contains all the functionality to access to modern digital cameras via USB or the serial port. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgpm1

Library used by the gpm program. Install libgpm1-devel if you need to develop text-mode programs which will use the mouse. You'll also need to install the gpm package. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgsf-1_1

A library for reading and writing structured files (eg MS OLE and Zip). From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgstreamer0.6

GStreamer is a streaming-media framework, based on graphs of filters whichoperate on media data. Applications using this library can do anythingfrom real-time sound processing to playing videos, and just about anything else media-related. Its plugin-based architecture means that new datatypes or processing capabilities can be added simply by installing newplugins.This package contains the libraries. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgtk+2.0_0

This package contains the static libraries and header files needed for developing GTK+ (GIMP ToolKit) applications. It contains GDK (the General Drawing Kit, which simplifies the interface for writing GTK+ widgets and using GTK+ widgets in applications), and GTK+(the widget set). This package contains the library needed to run programs dynamically linked with gtk+. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgtkhtml1.1_3

GtkHTML is a HTML rendering/editing library. GtkHTML is not designed to be the ultimate HTML browser/editor: instead, it is designed to be easily embedded into applications that require lightweight HTML functionality. This package contains libraries used by GtkHTML. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libgtop2

LibGTop is a library that fetches information about the runningsystem such as CPU and memory usage, active processes and more. On Linux systems, this information is taken directly from the /proc filesystem while on other systems a server is used to read that information from other /dev/kmem, among others. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libguile

This package contains Guile shared object libraries and the ice-9 scheme module. Guile is the GNU Ubiquitous Intelligent Language for Extension. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libIDL

libIDL is a library for parsing IDL (Interface Definition Language). It can be used for both COM-style and CORBA-style IDL. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libIDL2_0

libIDL is a small library for creating parse trees of CORBA v2.2compliant Interface Definition Language (IDL) files, which is a specification for defining interfaces which can be used between different CORBA implementations. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libieee1284_3

libieee1284 is a cross-platform library for parallel port access From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libintl2

This package contains the libintl library for the gettext package. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libjpeg

The libjpeg package contains a library of functions for manipulating JPEG images, as well as simple client programs for accessing the libjpeg functions. Libjpeg client programs include cjpeg, djpeg,jpegtran, rdjpgcom and wrjpgcom. Cjpeg compresses an image file into JPEG format. Djpeg decompresses a JPEG file into a regular image file. Jpegtran can perform various useful transformations on JPEGfiles. Rdjpgcom displays any text comments included in a JPEG file. Wrjpgcom inserts text comments into a JPEG file. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

liblinc1

linc is a library that eases the task of writing networked servers &clients. It takes care of connection initiation and maintenance, and the details of various transports. It is used by ORBit2 to handle message transmission/receipt. Currently supported transports: http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libmad0

MAD is a high-quality MPEG audio decoder. It currently supports MPEG-1and the MPEG-2 extension to Lower Sampling Frequencies, as well as theso-called MPEG 2.5 format. All three audio layers (Layer I, Layer II,and Layer III a.k.a. MP3) are fully implemented. MAD does not yet support MPEG-2 multichannel audio (although it should be backward compatible with such streams) nor does it currently support AAC. MAD has the following special features: * 24-bit PCM output * 100% fixed-point (integer) computation * completely new implementation based on the ISO/IEC standards From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libMagick5.5.4

This package contains the libraries needed to run programs dynamically linked with ImageMagick libMagick/libMagick++ libraries. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libmal0

libmal is really just a convenience library of the functions in Tom Whittaker's malsync distribution, along with a few wrapper functions. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libMesaGLU1

Mesa is an OpenGL 1.4 compatible 3D graphics library. GLU parts. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libMesaglut3

Mesa is an OpenGL 1.4 compatible 3D graphics library. glut and GLU parts. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libmng

LibMNG is a library for accessing graphics in MNG (Multi-image Network Graphics) and JNG (JPEG Network Graphics) formats. MNG graphics are basically animated PNGs. JNG graphics are basically JPEG streams integrated into a PNG chunk. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libmng1

The libmng library supports decoding, displaying, encoding, and various other manipulations of the Multiple-image Network Graphics (MNG) format image files. It uses the zlib compression library, and optionally the JPEG library by the Independent JPEG Group (IJG) and/or lcms (little cms), a color-management library by Marti Maria Saguar. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libmysql12

This package contains the shared libraries (*.so*) which certainlanguages and applications need to dynamically load and use MySQL. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libncurses5

The curses library routines are a terminal-independent method of updating character screens with reasonalble optimization. The ncurses (new curses) library is a freely distributable replacement for the discontinued 4.4BSD classic curses library. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libnet

Allows low-level manipulation of TCP/IP headers that is impossible for normal programs. Key point: Most programs go through a high-level interface (like sockets) in order to send traffic on the network. Sometimes, for security or hacking reasons, a program needs to construct its own network headers. The existing TCP/IP stack is unable to build these headers, so you must bypass it and go directly to the hardware drivers. Libnet is a library that makes custom packet generation easier. Misunderstanding: Some people believe that libnet will not work on Win95 or WinNT because these systems do not support raw sockets. This is false -- libnet has been widely used on these platforms. From Hacking-Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libnetpbm9

The netpbm package contains a library of functions which supportprograms for handling various graphics file formats, including .pbm(portable bitmaps), .pgm (portable graymaps), .pnm (portable anymaps), .ppm (portable pixmaps) and others. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libnewt0.51

Newt is a programming library for color text mode, widget based userinterfaces. Newt can be used to add stacked windows, entry widgets, checkboxes, radio buttons, labels, plain text fields, scrollbars,etc., to text mode user interfaces. This package contains theshared library needed by programs built with newt. Newt is based on theslang library. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libnsl

Name services library, a library of name service calls (getpwnam, getservbyname, etc...) on SVR4 Unixes. GNU libc uses this for the NIS (YP) and NIS+ functions. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libnspr4

NSPR provides platform independence for non-GUI operating systemfacilities. These facilities include threads, thread synchronization, normal file and network I/O, interval timing and calendar time, basic memory management (malloc and free) and shared library linking. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libnss3

Network Security Services (NSS) is a set of libraries designed to support cross-platform development of security-enabled server applications. Applications built with NSS can support SSL v2 and v3,TLS, PKCS #5, PKCS #7, PKCS #11, PKCS #12, S/MIME, X.509 v3 certificates,and other security standards. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

liboaf0

OAF (Object Activation Framework) provides the activation mechanism for GNOME components. It is a replacement for GOAD in the GNOME 2 platform. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libogg

Libogg is a library for manipulating Ogg bitstream file formats. Libogg supports both making Ogg bitstreams and getting packets from Ogg bitstreams. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libole20

The applications today needs store multiple type of data. One way to do it is using a filesystem in a file. OLE2-developers used this approach. Inside a OLE2 file, there are streams (files) and directories. Using libole2 is easy to travel through such filesystem-in-a-file, and create, read, write or remove files, and create or remove directories. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libopenssl0

The libraries files are needed for various cryptographic algorithmsand protocols, including DES, RC4, RSA and SSL. This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.openssl.org/).This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young(eay@cryptsoft.com). This product includes software written by Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com). Patches for many networking apps can be found at: http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libORBit2_0

ORBit is a high-performance CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture) ORB (object request broker). It allows programs to send requests and receive replies from other programs, regardless of the locations of the two programs. CORBA is an architecture that enables communication between program objects, regardless of the programming language they're written in or the operating system they run on. This package contains all core libraries of the ORBit implementation of CORBA technology. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libpango1.0_0

A library to handle unicode strings as well as complex bidirectionalor context dependent shaped strings. It is the next step on Gtk+ internationalization. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libpcap

Allows low-level capture of network traffic. Most UNIX-based sniffers use this library. Misconception: You must have root privileges to run libpcap-based programs. This is a common problem when script-kiddies try to run programs based upon this library: they don't know they must run under root, and the scripts themselves rarely give instructional error messages as to what exactly is wrong. Point: Most Windows packet-sniffers are based upon a variation of the PCAUSA driver. This includes "WinDump", a libpcap implementation for Windows. From Hacking-Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libpcap

Libpcap provides a portable framework for low-level network monitoring. Libpcap can provide network statistics collection, security monitoring and network debugging. Since almost every system vendor provides a different interface for packet capture, the libpcap authors created this system-independent API to ease in porting and to alleviate the need for several system-dependent packet capture modules in each application. Install libpcap if you need to do low-level network traffic monitoring on your network. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libpcre0

PCRE has its own native API, but a set of "wrapper" functions that are based on the POSIX API are also supplied in the library libpcreposix. Note that this just provides a POSIX calling interface to PCRE: the regular expressionsthemselves still follow Perl syntax and semantics. The header file for the POSIX-style functions is called pcreposix.h. The official POSIX name is regex.h, but I didn't want to risk possible problems with existing files of that name by distributing it that way. To use it with an existing program that uses the POSIX API, it will have to be renamed or pointed at by a link. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libpng

The libpng package contains a library of functions for creating and manipulating PNG (Portable Network Graphics) image format files. PNG is a bit-mapped graphics format similar to the GIF format. PNG was created to replace the GIF format, since GIF uses a patented data compression algorithm. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libpq3

C and C++ libraries to enable user programs to communicate with the PostgreSQL database backend. The backend can be on another machine and accessed through TCP/IP. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libPropList

The purpose of PL is to closely mimic the behavior of the property lists used in the GNUstep/OPENSTEP (they're formed with the NSString, NSData, NSArray and NSDictionary classes) and to be duly compatible. PL enables programs that use configuration or preference 3 files to make these compatible with GNUstep/OPENSTEP's user defaults handling mechanism, without needing to use Objective-C or GNUstep/OPENSTEP themselves. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libpwdb0

The pwdb package contains libpwdb, the password database library. Libpwdb is a library which implements a generic user information database. Libpwdb was specifically designed to work with Linux's PAM (Pluggable Authentication Modules). Libpwdb allows configurable access to and management of security tools like /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow and network authentication systems including NIS and Radius. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libpython2.2

This packages contains Python shared object library. Python is an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language often compared to Tcl, Perl, Scheme or Java. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libqt3

Qt is a complete and well-designed multi-platform object-oriented framework for developing graphical user interface (GUI) applications using C++. Qt hasseamless integration with OpenGL/Mesa 3D libraries. Qt is free for development of free software on the X Window System. It includes the complete source code for the X version and makefiles for Linux, Solaris,SunOS, FreeBSD, OSF/1, Irix, BSD/OS, NetBSD, SCO, HP-UX and AIX. This edition of Qt may be modified and distributed under the terms found in the LICENSE.QPL file. Qt also supports Windows 95 and NT, with native look and feel. Code developed for the X version of Qt can be recompiled and run using the Windows 95/NT version of Qt, and vice versa. Qt is currently used in hundreds of software development projects world wide, including the K Desktop Environment (see http://www.kde.org). For more examples, see http://www.trolltech.com/qtprogs.html. Qt has excellent documentation: around 750 pages of postscript and fully cross-referenced online html documentation. It is available on the web:http://doc.trolltech.com/Qt is easy to learn, with consistent naming across all the classes and a 14-chapter on-line tutorial with links into the rest of the documentation. A number of 3rd-party books are also available.Qt dramatically cuts down on development time and complexity in writing user interface software for the X Window System. It allows the programmer to focus directly on the programming task, and not mess around withlow-level Motif/X11 code. Qt is fully object-oriented. All widgets and dialogs are C++ objects, and, using inheritance, creation of new widgets is easy and natural. Qt's revolutionary signal/slot mechanism provides true component programming. Reusable components can work together without any knowledgeof each other, and in a type-safe way. Qt has a very fast paint engine, in some cases ten times faster than other toolkits. The X version is based directly on Xlib and uses neither Motif nor X Intrinsics. Qt is available under two different licenses: - The Qt Professional Edition License, for developing fully commercial software: see http://www.trolltech.com/pricing.html - The Q Public License (QPL), for developing free software (X Window System only). This package contains shared libraries. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LibraNet GNU/Linux

A Debian based distribution for the desktop. Version 2.7 was released September 4, 2002. Version 2.8 was released May 1, 2003. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libraries

Executables should have no undefined symbols, only useful symbols; all useful programs refer to symbols they do not define (eg. printf or write). These references are resolved by pulling object files from libraries into the executable. http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Library

A collection of programs kept with a computer system and made available for processing purposes. The term often refers to a collection of library toutines written in a given programmin glanguage such as C or Pascal. http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

library

A collection of routines that perform commonly required operations. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

library

A collection of subroutines and functions stored in one or more files, usually in compiled form, for linking with other programs. Libraries are one of the earliest forms of organised code reuse. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

librsvg2_2

A library that uses libart and pango to render svg files. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libsane1

SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) is a sane and simple interface to both local and networked scanners and other image acquisition devices like digital still and video cameras. SANE currently includes modules for accessing a range of scanners, including models from Agfa SnapScan, Apple,Artec, Canon, CoolScan, Epson, HP, Microtek, Mustek, Nikon, Siemens,Tamarack, UMAX, Connectix, QuickCams and other SANE devices via network. For the latest information on SANE, the SANE standard definition, and mailing list access, see http://www.mostang.com/sane/ This package does not enable network scanning by default; if you wish to enable it, install the saned package. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libsasl2

SASL is the Simple Authentication and Security Layer, a method for adding authentication support to connection-based protocols. To use SASL, a protocol includes a command for identifying and authenticating a user to a server and for optionally negotiating protection of subsequent protocol interactions. If its use is negotiated, a security layer is inserted between the protocol and the connection. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libslang1

S-Lang is an interpreted language and a programming library. The S-Lang language was designed so that it can be easily embedded into a program to provide the program with a powerful extension language. The S-Lang library, provided in this package, provides the S-Lang extension language. S-Lang's syntax resembles C, which makes it easy to recode S-Lang procedures in C if you need to. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libsocket

Socket services library, a library for the socket service calls (socket, bind, listen, etc...) on SVR4 Unixes. From NIS HOWTO http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libsoup3

Soup is a SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) implementation in C. It provides an queued asynchronous callback-based mechanism for sending and servicing SOAP requests, and a WSDL (Web Service Definition Language) to C compiler which generates client stubs and server skeletons for easily calling and implementing SOAP methods. This package contains libraries used by soup. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libstartup-notification-1_0

Startup-notification is a library used to monitor application startup. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libstdc++

The libstdc++ package contains a snapshot of the GCC Standard C++ Library v3, an ongoing project to implement the ISO/IEC 14882:1998 Standard C++ library. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libtermcap

The libtermcap package contains a basic system library needed toaccess the termcap database. The termcap library supports easy access to the termcap database, so that programs can output character-based displays in a terminal-independent manner. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libtiff

The libtiff package contains a library of functions for manipulating TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) image format files. TIFF is a widely used file format for bitmapped images. TIFF files usually end in the .tif extension and they are often quite large. The libtiff package should be installed if you need to manipulate TIFF format image files. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libtool

The libtool package contains the GNU libtool, a set of shell scripts which automatically configure UNIX and UNIX-like architectures to generically build shared libraries. Libtool provides a consistent, portable interface which simplifies the process of using shared libraries. If you are developing programs which will use shared libraries, you should install libtool. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libungif

The libungif package contains a shared library of functions for loading and saving GIF format image files. The libungif library canload any GIF file, but it will save GIFs only in uncompressed format; it will not use the patented LZW compression used to save "normal" compressed GIF files. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libunixODBC2

unixODBC libraries. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libusb

This package provides a way for applications to access USB devices. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libuser

The libuser library implements a standardized interface for manipulatingand administering user and group accounts. The library uses pluggable back-ends to interface to its data sources. Sample applications modeled after those included with the shadow password suite are included. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libutempter0

Libutempter is an library which allows some non-privileged programs to have required root access without compromising system security. It accomplishes this feat by acting as a buffer between root and the programs. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libvorbis

Ogg Vorbis is a fully open, non-proprietary, patent-and royalty-free, general-purpose compressed audio format for audio and music at fixed and variable bitrates from 16 to 128 kbps/channel. The libvorbis package contains runtime libraries for use in programs that support Ogg Vorbis. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libvte4

VTE is an experimental terminal emulator widget for use with GTK+ 2.0. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libwmf

libwmf is a library for unix like machines that can convert wmf files into other formats, currently it supports a gd binding to convert to gif, and an X one to draw direct to an X windowor pixmap. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libwnck

libwnck (pronounced "libwink") is used to implement pagers, tasklists, and other such things. It allows applications to monitor information about open windows, workspaces, their names/icons, and so forth. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libwnck

libwnck is Window Navigator Construction Kit, i.e. a library to use for writing pagers and tasks lists and stuff. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libwvstreams

WvStreams aims to be an efficient, secure, and easy-to-use library for doing network applications development. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libXaw3d7

Xaw3d is an enhanced version of the MIT Athena Widget set for the X Window System. Xaw3d adds a three-dimensional look to applications with minimal or no source code changes. You should install Xaw3d if you are using applications which incorporate the MIT Athena widget set and you'd like to incorporate a 3D look into those applications. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libxclass0

Xclass is a Win95-looking GUI toolkit, it is Xlib-based and is written in C++. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libxine1

xine is a free gpl-licensed video player for unix-like systems. This package contains the shared libraries required by xine. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libxml2

This library allows to manipulate XML files. It includes support to read, modify and write XML and HTML files. There is DTDs support this includes parsing and validation even with complex DtDs, either at parse time or later once the document has been modified. The output can be a simple SAX stream or and in-memory DOM like representations. In this case one can use the built-in XPath and XPointer implementation to select subnodes or ranges. A flexible Input/Output mechanism is available, with existing HTTP and FTP modules and combined to an URI library. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libxpm4

The xpm package contains the XPM pixmap library for the X WindowSystem. The XPM library allows applications to display color, pixmapped images, and is used by many popular X programs. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

libxslt

This C library allows to transform XML files into other XML files (or HTML, text, ...) using the standard XSLT stylesheet transformation mechanism. A xslt processor based on this library, named xsltproc, is provided by the libxslt-proc package. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIC

Licensed Internal Code From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

licq

Licq supports different interfaces and functions viaplugins. Currently there are plugins for both the X Windowing System and the console. This package contains the base files for Licq (the Licq daemon) andthe Qt plugin, which is written using the Qt widget set. Currently this GUI plugin has most of the ICQ functions implemented. This starts the Qt plugin by default, so to run other plugins, you will have to issue the command "licq -p <plugin>" once. To get back the Qt plugin, you will have to run once "licq -p qt-gui". Alternatively you may be able to do it in a plugin dialog box if your plugin supports this feature. This version of licq has SSL support for those plugins that support it. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

liece

IRC (Internet Relay Chat) client for Emacs. Liece is based on Irchat, simple IRC client running under Emacsen, nevertheless nothing to do with irchat-2.4jp which has various features added by Japanese contributers (e.g. Mule support, channel buffers). We are going to full-replace to redesign thoroughly, and to stand up to extension against arbitrary protocol backend. The most recent version of this program has been almost completely rewritten from Irchat. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

liece-dcc

DCC program for liece. This program is DCC(Direct Client Connection) program for liece. Dcc is implemented not with EmacsLisp, but with C, so dcc package has been divided. And included "ltcp" which is connection support program, can use IPv6. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIF

Low Insertion Force (IC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIFD

Last In First Drop From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIFE

Laboratory for International Fuzzy Engineering [research] (MITI) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIFE

Logistics Interface For manufacturing Environment From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lifelines

Text-based genealogy software LifeLines is a genealogy program that runs on UNIX systems in text mode. It maintains genealogical records (persons, families, sources, events and others) in a database, and generates reports from those records. There are no practical limits on the number of records that can be stored in a LifeLines database, nor on the amounts or kinds of data that can be kept in the records. LifeLines does not contain built-in reports. Instead it provides a programming subsystem that you use to program your own reports and charts. Some standard report files are included in the lifelines-reports package. The programming subsystem also lets you query your databases and process your data in any way. LifeLines uses the terminal independent features of UNIX to provide a screen and menu based user interface. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lifelines-reports

Reports for lifelines, a genealogy software system Lifelines has a very powerful reporting language. This package includes all "standard" reports, which come with the official Lifelines distribution. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIFO

Last In First Out From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lightlab

experiment with the OpenGL lighting model lightlab lets you set the colours and positions of several light sources, and then watch the effect that it has on a simple 3D scene. You can select whether the scene contains a rotating cube, sphere, or teapot, and whether that object has a texture image on its surface. lightlab is not a modelling program; it doesn't even let you save anything. But if you're having trouble wrapping your brain around the various parameters you can set in OpenGL code, you may find it helpful. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lightspeed

Shows how objects moving at relativistic speeds look like. Light Speed! is an OpenGL-based program which illustrates the effects of special relativity on the appearance of moving objects. When an object accelerates past a few million meters per second, these effects begin to grow noticeable, becoming more and more pronounced as the speed of light is approached. These relativistic effects are viewpoint-dependent, and include shifts in length, object hue, brightness and shape. The moving object is, by default, a geometric lattice. 3D Studio and LightWave 3D objects may be imported as well. Best of all, the simulator is completely interactive, rendering the exotic distortions in real-time! From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)

An online directory service protocol defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). An LDAP directory entry is a collection of attributes with a unique identifier, or distinguished name (DN). The directory system has a hierarchical structure. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lightweight processes

See threaded code. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIJP

Leaf Initiated Join Parameter From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIKS

Lietuvos kompiuterininko Sajunga (org., Litauen) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LILO

A versatile boot loader for Linux. It does not depend on a specific file system, can boot Linux kernel images from floppy disks and from hard disks and can even act as a boot manager'' for other operating systems. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lilo

install boot loader From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lilo

LILO (LInux LOader) is a basic system program which boots your Linux system. LILO loads the Linux kernel from a floppy or a hard drive, boots the kernel and passes control of the system to the kernel. LILO can also boot other operating systems. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lilo

LInux LOader - The Classic OS loader can load Linux and others This Package contains lilo (the installer) and boot-record-images to install Linux, OS/2, DOS and generic Boot Sectors of other OSes. You can use Lilo to manage your Master Boot Record (with a simple text screen, text menu or colorful splash graphics) or call Lilo from other Boot-Loaders to jump-start the Linux kernel. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LILO

LInux [boot] LOader (Linux) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lilo-config

lilo configuration plugin for KDE lilo-config is a kcontrol plugin for configuring LILO, the most commonly used Linux boot loader. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lilo.real

install boot loader From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

liloconfig

interactive configure script for lilo From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lilypond

A program for printing sheet music. LilyPond is a music typesetter. It produces beautiful sheet music using a high level description file as input. LilyPond is part of the GNU Project. URLs: http://www.cs.uu.nl/~hanwen/lilypond/ http://www.xs4all.nl/~jantien/lilypond/ http://sca.uwaterloo.ca/lilypond/ http://www.lilypond.org/ Authors: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@cs.uu.nl> Jan Nieuwenhuizen <janneke@gnu.org> From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIM

Lotus - Intel - Microsoft (manufacturer) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIMAD

Linear MAgnetic Drive [technology] From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIMDOW

Laser / Light Intensity Modulation, Direct OverWrite (MOD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIMEMS

Lotus - Intel - Microsoft Expamded Memory Specification (Lotus, Intel, MS, EMS), "LIM EMS" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

limo

Lists files in a custom way limo is a replacement for ls with some knobs on. By default, it is installed as both limo and as li. It tries to give far more control over the output format than ls and has simpler and more straightforward (albeit more verbose) options. It also has the -l and -s options which behave similarly to those of ls. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linbot

WWW site link checker linbot is a python program that allows webmasters to: view the structure of a site; track down broken links; find potentially outdated HTML pages; list links pointing to external sites; view portfolio of inline images; and do all this periodically and without user intervention. Results are displayed in a set of HTML pages. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linc

linc is a library that eases the task of writing networked servers & clients. It takes care of connection initiation and maintenance, and the details of various transports. It is used by ORBit2 to handle message transmission/receipt. Currently supported transports: http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lincity

Build & maintain a city/country You are required to build and maintain a city. You must feed, house, provide jobs and goods for your residents. You can build a sustainable economy with the help of renewable energy and recycling, or you can go for broke and build rockets to escape from a pollution ridden and resource starved planet, it's up to you. Due to the finite resources available in any one place, this is not a game that you can leave for long periods of time. This game is similar to the commercial simulation game with a similar name. This package provides files common to both the X and SVGALIB versions of the game. To get the actual game binary, install either lincity-x or lincity-svgalib (or both). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lincredits

Generate nicely-formatted versions of the Linux CREDITS file This small package allows anyone to create beautified versions of the Linux CREDITS file in plain text, LaTeX or HTML formats. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lincvs

graphical CVS frontend LinCVS enhances the ease-of-use of CVS (Concurrent Versions System) by providing a simple, intuitive graphic interface to CVS. With the GUI and mouse, you can quickly and easily review the CVS status of files or groups of files or of entire directory trees. You can also quickly initiate common CVS commands without the need for typing long command lines with many option flags. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LindowsOS

LindowsOS is a product of Lindows.com, first announced in October 2001. This is a Debian-based distribution targeted at non-technical Windows users and boasts a 10 minute installation. Starting with version 4.0, there is also a LindowsCD, a Knoppix-like live CD. Version 4.0 was released June 23, 2003. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linesrv

A server to remotely control the internet connection. LineControl runs a server application on a masquerading - server (Linux). Clients on other hosts may now talk to this server and say that it should establish a certain line (usually using pppd/chat, isdnctrl or some other script). LineControl Server then calls a certain shellscript and waits until a specified network - device is up (for analog lines), until /dev/isdninfo changes its status (if using the ISDN capabilities) or until a certain file exists. Then it sends to all connected Clients a message that the connection is established. The connection won't get killed until each client told to do so, had a timeout or has been terminated. LineControl provides a nice status monitor via two easy to use cgi-bin pages. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LinEx

Developed by the Extremadura Regional Government, LinEx is a GNU/Linux distribution based on Debian and Gnome. LinEx forms part of a wider regional project which aims at promoting the Information Society in order to improve citizens' quality of life. Spanish distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

link

A symbolic link (alias in MacOS and shortcut under Windows) is a file that points to another file; this is a commonly used tool. A hard-link rarely created by the user, is a filename that points to a block of data that has several other filenames as well. http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

link

link a file From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

link

make a new name for a file From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linkchecker

check HTML documents for broken links Features: o recursive checking o multithreaded o output can be colored or normal text, HTML, SQL, CSV or a sitemap graph in GML or XML o HTTP/1.1, FTP, mailto:, nntp:, news:, Gopher, Telnet and local file links are supported o restrict link checking with regular expression filters for URLs o proxy support o give username/password for HTTP and FTP authorization o robots.txt exclusion protocol support o i18n support o command line interface o (Fast)CGI web interface (requires HTTP server) From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linklint

Fast link checker and web site maintenance tool Linklint is a full featured Perl program for checking HTML links: * both local and remote site checking * cross referenced and fully hyperlinked output reports * the ability to check password protected areas * support for all standard server-side image maps * reports of orphan files, and files with mismatching case * a report of which URLs have changed since last checked * support of proxy servers for remote URL checking * come with full documentation. Please visit http://www.linklint.org/ for more information. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

links

Character mode WWW browser Links is a lynx-like character mode browser. It includes support for rendering tables and frames, features background downloads, can display colors and has many other features. This version is based on eLinks, the actively developed fork of links, and contains Lua langauge support as well. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

links

Links is a text based WWW browser, at first look similar to Lynx, but somehow different:- renders tables and frames- displays colors as specified in current HTML page- uses drop-down menu (like in Midnight Commander)- can download files in background- partially handle Javascript From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linleech

A program to selectively download usenet articles linleech is a small, script-driven *NIX program that automates the process of downloading USENET articles. Using a small command set, linleech will search groups for articles that match given criteria and automatically download them for you. This is useful for retrieving anything from binary posts to something as specific as searching for the latest HOWTO in a Linux group. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linmodem

A Linmodem is the Linux implementation of a "winmodem" (see disclaimer). These devices are 'less than' a modem in the sense that they depend on software to perform, to a greater or lesser extent, the functions traditionally handled by modem hardware. The rationale for this is, of course, that software is cheaper than hardware, and can be upgraded/expanded/improved without the use of screwdrivers (usually); however, for the modem to function at all, one requires software that can run on one's preferred operating system. From Linmodem-HOWTO http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linneighborhood

An SMB network browser for Linux and X11. This package allows users to browse SMB (e.g. Windows Network Neighborhood) networks under X, and mount/unmount SMB shared filesystems via a graphical interface. It is somewhat more network-efficient that other similar tools because it uses the proper protocol for identifying network shares rather than simply scanning IP address ranges. In order for LinNeighborhood to work properly, you must have the smbfs filesystem compiled into your kernel and have a working Samba setup. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LinNeighborhood

LinNeighborhood is a front end to Samba using the gtk libraries. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linpac

Terminal for packet radio with mail client It is an aplication for the AX.25 packet radio environment. Has a mail client, and colors. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linpopup

Xwindow port of Winpopup, running over Samba This allows a linux system to communicate with a windows computer that runs Winpopup, sending or receiving message. It also provides an alternative way to communicate between Linux computers that run Samba. Note that LinPopUp is not only a port, as it includes several enhanced features. If you want to be able to send messages, you _must_ also install smbclient. Linpopup only recommends smbclient instead of depending on it, as perhaps you want to only receive messages with it. Users of versions < 0.9.4: note that the message file has moved, and isn't compatible with the old format anymore. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linpqa

freeware compiler and decompiler for PalmVII Palm Query Apps Compiler and decompiler for PalmVII Palm Query Apps. It is written in part from documentation provided by Palm in their devzone , and in part by examining hexdumps and playing around with the de-compiler. Unfortunately, the Palm documentation is a bit incomplete. (They tell what all of the tag tokens are, and what parameters they take, but don't give the byte values for the tag itself!). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linpsk

Program for operating PSK31/RTTY modes with X GUI linpsk is a program for operating on amateur radio digital modes. linpsk currently supports BPSK, QPSK, and RTTY modes, and it provides an X user interface. linpsk's main features are: --simultaneous decoding of up to four channels --different digital modes may be mixed --trigger text can be defined on each channel --each channel can be logged to a file --user-defined macros and two files for larger texts --spectrum and waterfall displays, both scalable in the frequency domain. At the Moment RTTY only supports 45 baud and 1.5 stopbits. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linpus Linux

Comes in Desktop, Server or Internet appliance editions. Linpus Linux 8.2 desktop and server editions were released June 27, 2002. Taiwanese distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lint

[from Unix's lint(1), named for the bits of fluff it supposedly picks from programs] 1. vt. To examine a program closely for style, language usage, and portability problems, esp. if in C, esp. if via use of automated analysis tools, most esp. if the Unix utility lint(1) is used. This term used to be restricted to use of lint(1) itself, but (judging by references on Usenet) it has become a shorthand for desk check at some non-Unix shops, even in languages other than C. Also as v. delint. 2. n. Excess verbiage in a document, as in "This draft has too much lint". From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Lintel

n. The emerging Linux/Intel alliance. This term began to be used in early 1999 after it became clear that the Wintel alliance was under increasing strain and Intel started taking stakes in Linux companies. From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lintian

Debian package checker Lintian dissects Debian packages and reports bugs and policy violations. It contains automated checks for many aspects of Debian policy as well as some checks for common errors. It uses an archive directory, called laboratory, in which it stores information about the packages it examines. It can keep this information between multiple invocations in order to avoid repeating expensive data-collection operations. This also possible to check the complete Debian archive for bugs, in a reasonable time. This package is useful for all people who want to check Debian packages for compliance with Debian policy. Every Debian maintainer should check packages with this tool before uploading them to the archive. This version of Lintian is calibrated for policy version 3.1.0.0. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linu

Linu, from Korean company MIZI, is available for ARM, StrongARM, x86, and MIPS processors (so far). From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linus

/leen'us'/ or /lin'us'/, not /li:'nus/ Linus Torvalds, the author of Linux. Nobody in the hacker culture has been as readily recognized by first name alone since Ken (Thompson). From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux

<operating system> ("Linus Unix") /li'nuks/ (but see below) An implementation of the {Unix} {kernel} originally written from scratch with no proprietary code. The kernel runs on {Intel} and {Alpha} hardware in the general release, with {SPARC}, {PowerPC}, {MIPS}, {ARM}, {Amiga}, {Atari}, and {SGI} in active development. The SPARC, PowerPC, ARM, {PowerMAC} - {OSF}, and 68k ports all support {shells}, {X} and {networking}. The Intel and SPARC versions have reliable {symmetric multiprocessing}. Work on the kernel is coordinated by Linus Torvalds, who holds the copyright on a large part of it. The rest of the copyright is held by a large number of other contributors (or their employers). Regardless of the copyright ownerships, the kernel as a whole is available under the {GNU} {General Public License}. The GNU project supports Linux as its kernel until the research {Hurd} kernel is completed. This kernel would be no use without {application programs}. The GNU project has provided large numbers of quality tools, and together with other {public domain} software it is a rich Unix environment. A compilation of the Linux kernel and these tools is known as a Linux distribution. Compatibility modules and/or {emulators} exist for dozens of other computing environments. The kernel version numbers are significant: the odd numbered series (e.g. 1.3.xx) is the development (or beta) kernel which evolves very quickly. Stable (or release) kernels have even major version numbers (e.g. 1.2.xx). There is a lot of commercial support for and use of Linux, both by hardware companies such as {Digital}, {IBM}, and {Apple} and numerous smaller network and integration specialists. There are many commercially supported distributions which are generally entirely under the GPL. At least one distribution vendor guarantees {Posix} compliance. Linux is particularly popular for {Internet Service Providers}, and there are ports to both parallel supercomputers and {embedded} {microcontrollers}. {Debian} is one popular {open source} distribution. The pronunciation of "Linux" has been a matter of much debate. Many, including Torvalds, insist on the short I pronunciation /li'nuks/ because "Linus" has an /ee/ sound in Swedish (Linus's family is part of Finland's 6% ethnic-Swedish minority) and Linus considers English short /i/ to be closer to /ee/ than English long /i:/ dipthong. This is consistent with the short I in words like "linen". This doesn't stop others demanding a long I /li:'nuks/ following the english pronunciation of "Linus" and "minus". Others say /li'niks/ following {Minix}, which Torvalds was working on before Linux. From Hyperdictionary From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (09 FEB 02) [foldoc] http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux

/lee'nuhks/ or /li'nuks/, not /li:'nuhks/ n. The free Unix workalike created by Linus Torvalds and friends starting about 1991. The pronunciation /lee'nuhks/ is preferred because the name `Linus' has an /ee/ sound in Swedish (Linus's family is part of Finland's 6% ethnic-Swedish minority). This may be the most remarkable hacker project in history -- an entire clone of Unix for 386, 486 and Pentium micros, distributed for free with sources over the net (ports to Alpha and Sparc and many other machines are also in use). Linux is what GNU aimed to be, and it relies on the GNU toolset. But the Free Software Foundation didn't produce the kernel to go with that toolset until 1999, which was too late. Other, similar efforts like FreeBSD and NetBSD have been technically successful but never caught fire the way Linux has; as this is written in 2000, Linux is seriously challenging Microsoft's OS dominance. It has already captured 31% of the Internet-server market and 25% of general business servers. An earlier version of this entry opined "The secret of Linux's success seems to be that Linus worked much harder early on to keep the development process open and recruit other hackers, creating a snowball effect." Truer than we knew. See bazaar. (Some people object that the name `Linux' should be used to refer only to the kernel, not the entire operating system. This claim is a proxy for an underlying territorial dispute; people who insist on the term `GNU/Linux' want the the FSF to get most of the credit for Linux because RMS and friends wrote many of its user-level tools. Neither this theory nor the term `GNU/Linux' has gained more than minority acceptance). From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux

a completely free reimplementation of the POSIX specification, with SYSV and BSD extensions (which means it looks like Unix, but does not come from the same source code base), which is available in both source code and binary form. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux

A widely used Open Source Unix-like operating system. Linux was first released by its inventor Linus Torvalds in 1991. There are versions of Linux for almost every available type of computer hardware from desktop machines to IBM mainframes. The inner workings of Linux are open and available for anyone to examine and change as long as they make their changes available to the public. This has resulted in thousands of people working on various aspects of Linux and adaptation of Linux for a huge variety of purposes, from servers to TV-recording boxes. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux

An open source UNIX-like operating system, originally begun by Linus Torvalds. "Linux" really refers to only the operating system kernel, or core. More than 200 people have contributed to the development of the Linux kernel. The rest of a Linux distribution consists of various utilities, device drivers, applications, a user interface and other tools that generally can be compiled and run on other UNIX operating systems as well. From I-gloss http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux

Linux is a completely free reimplementation of the POSIX specification, with SYSV and BSD extensions (which means it looks like Unix, but does not come from the same source code base), which is available in both source code and binary form. Its copyright is owned by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@transmeta.com> and other contributors, and is freely redistributable under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). A copy of the GPL is included with the Linux source; you can also get a copy from ftp://prep.ai.mit.edu/pub/gnu/COPYING Linux, per se, is only the kernel of the operating system, the part that controls hardware, manages files, separates processes, and so forth. There are several combinations of Linux with sets of utilities and applications to form a complete operating system. Each of these combinations is called a distribution of Linux. The word Linux, though it in its strictest form refers specifically to the kernel, is also widely and correctly to refer to an entire operating system built around the Linux kernel. For a list and brief discription of various distributions, see http://sunsite.unc.edu/LDP/HOWTO/Distribution-HOWTO.html None of these distributions is ``the official Linux''. Linux is not public domain, nor is it `shareware'. It is `free' software, commonly called freeware or Open Source Software[tm] (see http://www.opensource.org), and you may give away or sell copies, but you must include the source code or make it available in the same way as any binaries you give or sell. If you distribute any modifications, you are legally bound to distribute the source for those modifications. See the GNU General Public License for details. Linux is still free as of version 2.0, and will continue to be free. Because of the nature of the GPL to which Linux is subject, it would be illegal for it to be made not free. Note carefully: the `free' part involves access to the source code rather than money; it is perfectly legal to charge money for distributing Linux, so long as you also distribute the source code. This is a generalization; if you want the fine points, read the GPL. Linux runs on 386/486/Pentium machines with ISA, EISA, PCI and VLB busses. MCA (IBM's proprietary bus) is not well-supported in 2.0.x and earlier versions, but support has been added to the current development tree, 2.1.x. If you are interested, see http://glycerine.itsmm.uni.edu/mca There is a port to multiple Motorola 680x0 platforms (currently running on some Amigas, Ataris, and VME machines), which now works quite well. It requires a 68020 with an MMU, a 68030, 68040, or a 68060, and also requires an FPU. Networking and X now work. See news:comp.os.linux.m68k Linux runs well on DEC's Alpha CPU, currently supporting the "Jensen", "NoName", "Cabriolet", "Universal Desktop Box" (better known as the Multia), and many other platforms. For more information, see http://www.azstarnet.com/~axplinux/FAQ.html Linux runs well on Sun SPARCs; most sun4c, sun4m, and sun4u machines now run Linux, with support for sun4 in development. Red Hat Linux is (as of this writing) the only Linux distribution available for SPARCs; see http://www.redhat.com/support/docs/rhl-sparc/ Linux is being actively ported to the PowerPC architecture, including PowerMac (Nubus and PCI), Motorola, IBM, and Be machines. See http://www.cs.nmt.edu/~linuxppc/ and http://www.linuxppc.org/ Ports to other machines, including MIPS (see http://linus.linux.sgi.com and http://lena.fnet.fr/) and ARM, are under way and showing various amounts of progress. Don't hold your breath, but if you are interested and able to contribute, you may well find other developers who wish to work with you. Linux is no longer considered to be in beta testing, as version 1.0 was released on March 14, 1994. There are still bugs in the system, and new bugs will creep up and be fixed as time goes on. Because Linux follows the ``open development model'', all new versions will be released to the public, whether or not they are considered ``production quality''. However, in order to help people tell whether they are getting a stable version or not, the following scheme has been implemented: Versions n.x.y, where x is an even number, are stable versions, and only bug fixes will be applied as y is incremented. So from version 1.2.2 to 1.2.3, there were only bug fixes, and no new features. Versions n.x.y, where x is an odd number, are beta-quality releases for developers only, and may be unstable and may crash, and are having new features added to them all the time. >From time to time, as the currect development kernel stabilizes, it will be frozen as the new ``stable'' kernel, and development will continue on a new development version of the kernel. Note that most releases of the Linux kernel, beta or not, are relatively robust; ``stable'' in this context means ``slow to change'' in addition to ``robust''. The current stable version is 2.0.35 (this will continue to change as new device drivers get added and bugs fixed), and development has also started on the experimental 2.1.x kernels. The Linux kernel source code contains a file, Documentation/Changes, which explains changes that you should be aware of when upgrading from one kernel version to another. However, the great majority of Linux users simply update their Linux distribution occasionally to get a new kernel version. Most versions of Linux, beta or not, are quite robust, and you can keep using those if they do what you need and you don't want to be on the bleeding edge. One site had a computer running version 0.97p1 (dating from the summer of 1992) for over 136 days without an error or crash. (It would have been longer if the backhoe operator hadn't mistaken a main power transformer for a dumpster...) Others have posted uptimes in excess of a year. One site still had a computer running Linux 0.99p15s over 600 days at last report. One thing to be aware of is that Linux is developed using an open and distributed model, instead of a closed and centralized model like much other software. This means that the current development version is always public (with up to a week or two of delay) so that anybody can use it. The result is that whenever a version with new functionality is released, it almost always contains bugs, but it also results in a very rapid development so that the bugs are found and corrected quickly, often in hours, as many people work to fix them. In contrast, the closed and centralized model means that there is only one person or team working on the project, and they only release software that they think is working well. Often this leads to long intervals between releases, long waiting for bug fixes, and slower development. The latest release of such software to the public is sometimes of higher quality, but the development speed is generally much slower. For a discussion of these two models, read ``The Cathedral and the Bazaar'' at http://sagan.earthspace.net/~esr/writings/cathedral-bazaar/ by Eric Raymond. As of September 1, 1998, the current stable version of Linux is 2.0.35, and the latest development version is 2.1.119. From Linux-Intro-HOWTO http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux

The free Unix workalike created by Linus Torvalds and friends starting about 1991. The pronunciation /li'nuhks/ is preferred because the name `Linus' has an /ee/ sound in Swedish (Linus's family is part of Finland's 6% ethnic-Swedish minority) and Linus considers English short /i/ to be closer to /ee/ than English long /i:/. This may be the most remarkable hacker project in history -- an entire clone of Unix for 386, 486 and Pentium micros, distributed for free with sources over the net (ports to Alpha and Sparc and many other machines are also in use). Linux is what {GNU} aimed to be, and it relies on the GNU toolset. But the Free Software Foundation didn't produce the kernel to go with that toolset until 1999, which was too late. Other, similar efforts like FreeBSD and NetBSD have been technically successful but never caught fire the way Linux has; as this is written in 2001, Linux is seriously challenging Microsoft's OS dominance. It has already captured 31% of the Internet-server market and 25% of general business servers. An earlier version of this entry opined "The secret of Linux's success seems to be that Linus worked much harder early on to keep the development process open and recruit other hackers, creating a snowball effect." Truer than we knew. See {bazaar}. (Some people object that the name `Linux' should be used to refer only to the kernel, not the entire operating system. This claim is a proxy for an underlying territorial dispute; people who insist on the term `GNU/Linux' want the {FSF} to get most of the credit for Linux because RMS and friends wrote many of its user-level tools. Neither this theory nor the term `GNU/Linux' has gained more than minority acceptance). From Hyperdictionary From Jargon File (4.3.0, 30 APR 2001) [jargon] http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux

The term "Linux" refers to either full the full OS packages provided by many vendors, or specifically the kernel these packages are based upon. The packages are known as distributions or distros. Well-known Linux distros include RedHat, SuSE, TurboLinux, Trinux, etc. Most of these distros rely solely upon open-source software. Point: Linux vies with Solaris and Windows as being the most popular OS for Internet servers. Contrast: Linux is a UNIX-like operating-system, more similar to UNIX System 5 than to BSD UNIX. From Hacking-Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux

UNIX-compatible operating system (and kernel) designed with free software tools and ported to several hardware architectures. Linux was initially developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991. Linux is open source software (OSS) and aims to be a viable alternative to competing proprietary operating systems. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux Cyrillic Edition

UrbanSoft created the Linux Cyrillic Edition, Red Hat in Russian. This web site is no longer available [May 6, 2002]. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux DA OS

More info on LinuxDevices.com Empower Technologies makes this embedded OS for the Motorola Dragonball platform. Other platforms are "in the works". From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux ESware

Box sets are available, with a desktop edition and server edition. Support, classes and other services are available. Spanish distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux for Windows 9X

This is a Windows 9X friendly version of Linux. It installs onto a Windows 9X disk and allows for two way exchange of files between both Linux and Win9X. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux Loader (LILO)

A legacy boot loader for the Linux operating system. LILO resides on the master boot record (MBR) of the bootable storage device and loads multiple operating systems. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux MLD

This appears to be a full distribution from Media Lab. There is also a mini-distribution, as well as other Linux products. Japanese distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux MLD From LWN Distribution List

http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux Router Project

LRP is small enough to fit on a single 1.44MB floppy disk, and makes building and maintaining routers, access servers, thin servers, thin clients, network appliances, and typically embedded systems next to trivial. A floppy-based distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux-SIS

SIS stands for SchoolNet Internet Server and project to connect schools in Thailand. The latest version of Linux-SIS is 4.0, released October 3, 2001. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux/Coldfire

A distribution dedicated to making available a Linux based system for the Motorla ColdFire processor family. The core is a port of the Micro-controller Linux (uC-Linux) kernel to the ColdFire processors. Additionally there is a growing number of ports of GNU/Linux utilities to the ColdFire. It is currently possible to build stable, complete, fully functional, embedded, Linux systems using uClinux/ColdFire. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux/Epia

Q Rey Linux/Epia is a Linux distribution for Epia M motherboards. It boots quickly (in less than 20 seconds), has a quick installation (less than 4 minutes), and allows quick configuration (less than 5 minutes). It's ready for classic precompiled software (OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, etc.). Any GTK application should compile directly. Version 1.0 was released March 26, 2003. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux/MNIS

French based distribution. Slackware and Debian based versions available. Support for Intel, Sparc, Alpha and Motorola platforms. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linux4Geeks

Linux4Geeks is a LFS-based small distro which works around several problems and issues mainstream Linux distributions have. It offers different versions compiled for each architecture and has all the packages required for a slim installation including a firewall and network administration tools, amongst others. Version 0.01 was released June 11, 2003. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LinuxAlpha.org

A resource for Linux on Alpha processors. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linuxcare Bootable Business Card

The LBT is a fully usable miniature Linux distribution which can be placed on a credit-card sized CD media. The distribution should work in almost any PC with almost any operating system. It offers over 101mb of software including a 2.4 kernel, Xfree86 4.1, full network services for both pci and pcmcia cards, wireless connectivity, perl, and a lot more. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxconf

a powerful Linux administration kit Linuxconf is a sophisticated administration system for Linux with a text, an X and a web interface. This is the base package which includes only the text and web interface to the configurator. For more information please take a look at the Linuxconf homepage at http://www.solucorp.qc.ca/linuxconf/. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxconf

Linuxconf is an extremely capable system configuration tool. Linuxconf provides four different interfaces for you to choose from: command line, character-cell (like the installation program), an X Window System basedGUI and a web-based interface. Linuxconf can manage a large proportion of your system's operations, including networking, user accounts, filesystems, boot parameters, and more. Linuxconf will simplify the process of configuring your system. Unlessyou are completely happy with configuring your system manually, you should install the linuxconf package and use linuxconf instead. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxcookbook

Tips and techniques to help the busy modern computer user This is an online version of a book written by Michael Stutz and published by No Starch Press. This book covers getting started with linux for the average user, ranging in topics from how to move files to sound to networking. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxdoc

LinuxDoc DTD SGML converter to other output format From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxdoc-tools

Linuxdoc-tools is a text formatting suite based on SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language), using the Linux Doc document type. Linuxdoc-tools allows you to produce LaTeX, HTML, GNU info, LyX, RTF,plain text (via groff), and other format outputs from a single SGML source. Linuxdoc-tools is intended for writing technical software documentation. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxdoc-tools

SGML converters for the LinuxDoc DTD only. LinuxDoc is a kind of SGML DTD. It was created for the Linux HOWTOs, and had been used officially by the Linux Documentation Project (LDP). Now LDP has aggressively migrated into the DocBook world, but many documents are still available in LinuxDoc DTD sgml. So users may still need the tool for LinuxDoc, therefore LinuxDoc-Tools was created on the basis of sgml-tools_v1. The main command is linuxdoc, and -B option is provided to choose the proper backend driver for desired output. linuxdoc -B check: for syntax checking linuxdoc -B html: conversion to html linuxdoc -B info: conversion to info linuxdoc -B latex: conversion to latex, dvi, and postscript linuxdoc -B lyx: conversion to lyx linuxdoc -B rtf: conversion to rtf linuxdoc -B txt: conversion to text HTML can be generated without any other Debian text processing package, but for the other formats the appropriate packages will have to be installed. - Text conversion requires groff - LaTeX conversion requires tetex-base, tetex-bin, and tetex-extra - Info conversion requires texinfo You can install linuxdoc-tools-text for required dependency of text conversion. linuxdoc-tools-latex and linuxdoc-tools-info are provided for dependencies of latex or info conversion. This linuxdoc-tools has been designed and implemented only for linuxdoc DTD. If you wish to convert debiandoc DTD documents, Please install and use debiandoc-sgml package. If you wish to convert docbook DTD documents, Please install and use jade (with or without sgmltools-lite). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxdoc-tools-info

Info output facility of LinuxDoc-Tools LinuxDoc-Tools is a SGML converter for the LinuxDoc DTD only. This package is to provide the required dependency for info conversion facility of LinuxDoc-Tools. See the description of linuxdoc-tools package for more detail. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxdoc-tools-latex

LaTeX/PS/PDF output facility of LinuxDoc-Tools LinuxDoc-Tools is a SGML converter for the LinuxDoc DTD only. This package is to provide the required dependency for LaTeX/PS/PDF conversion facility of LinuxDoc-Tools. See the description of linuxdoc-tools package for more detail. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxdoc-tools-text

Text output facility of LinuxDoc-Tools LinuxDoc-Tools is a SGML converter for the LinuxDoc DTD only. This package is to provide the required dependency for text conversion facility of LinuxDoc-Tools. See the description of linuxdoc-tools package for more detail. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxfacile

An Italian manual for newbies. Linux Facile is an Italian manual for those who have little experience with GNU/Linux, but who wish to become familiar with it. It is designed to make the experience of learning and using GNU/Linux an easy and gradual one. It is available in several formats, and is covered by the GNU Free Documentation License. This package includes the PostScript version. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LinuxFromScratch

Linux From Scratch (LFS) is a project that provides you with the steps necessary to build your own custom Linux system using the LFS book. The web site also contains links to other resources such as mailing lists, mailing list archives, newsgroups, search engine, faq and more. Released under the original BSD License. Development version 3.2-rc2 was released February 27, 2002. Stable version 3.3 was released April 7, 2002. Version 4.1 was released April 28, 2003. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Linuxin GNU/Linux

Linuxin GNU/Linux is based on Debian Woody, with many ease-of-use type of enhancements, such as automated graphical installation, hardware autodetection and configuration -- all geared towards users with little Linux experience. Version 1.0 was released August 6, 2002. Spanish distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxinfo

Displays extended system information. Displays system info, such as Kernel revision, glibc version, processor type and memory size. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LinuxInstall.org Project

LinuxInstall.org 1.0 is based on Red Hat Linux 8.0 with Personal Desktop Packages including Mozilla Web Browser, Evolution Mail Client, and the OpenOffice.org Office Suite. It also comes with latest kernel as of January 7, 2003 and the latest software updates (also as of January 7, 2003). The main features are auto hardware detection, auto root account creation, auto hard drive partitioning, auto network setup using DHCP and auto package selection. No questions are asked during installation, the process is completely automated and it only takes about 15 minutes. The entire system comes on one CD. Version 3.0 was released April 20, 2003. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxlogo

Color ANSI System Logo. A Color ANSI Logo with some system information that can be displayed at system boot time or, with some local configuration, at the login prompt. Four different Logos are available: Debian Swirl(default), Debian Banner, Tux Classic and Banner. The Classic and Banner Logos are based on Larry Ewing's Penguin. Monochrome ASCII versions of all the logos are included. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LinuxPPC

LinuxPPC Inc. started the frst wave of interest in native Linux on PowerPC systems in 1996, releasing its first CD-ROM discs, and providing them to developers and people interested in alternative operating systems. Its fourth major release, LinuxPPC R4, came out in June 1998. That highly successful release was followed by LinuxPPC 4.1, 1999 (5.0), 1999 Q3 (5.5), and the current release, LinuxPPC 2000 (6.0). Unfortunately now dead - March 5, 2003. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

linuxvideostudio

MJPEG-tools GTK graphical user interface Linux Video Studio is a small-'n-simple GUI for the MJPEG-tools (http://mjpeg.sourceforge.net/). The MJPEG-tools can be used to record video from a zoran-based capture card (DC10+, Buz, LML33), playback video to the same card and encode video to MPEG. Linux Video Studio tries to extend this with simple editing functions, like deleting frames, adding frames from new videos, moving frames, scene detection etc. The Debian package of non-free/mjpegtools must be downloaded from http://download.sourceforge.net/mjpeg/ to run linuxvideostudio. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIP

Large Internet Packet From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIPS

Logical Inferences Per Second (AI, KI, XPS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

liquidwar

Multiplayer simplified wargame A unique wargame where you pilot your numerous soldiers (or bees) with one target only. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lirc

Linux Infra-red Remote Control support This package provides the daemons and some utilities to support infra-red remote controls under Linux. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIRC (Linux Infrared Remote Control)

LIRC is a package that allows you to decode and send infra-red signals of many (but not all) commonly used remote controls. Former versions docussed on home-brew hardware connected to the serial and parallel port. Current versions of LIRC also support a varity of other hardware. The most important part of LIRC is the lircd dameon that will decode the IR signals received by the device drivers and provide information on a socket. It will also provide the information on a socket. It will also accept commands for IR signals to be sent if the hardware suports this. The second daemon program called lircmd will connect to lircd and traslate the decoded IR signals to mouse movements. For example, you can configure X to use your remote control as a remote input device. The user space applications allow you to control your computer with your remote control. You can send X events to applications, start programs and much more on just one button press. The possible applications are obvious: Infra-red mouse, remote control for your TV tuner card or CD-ROM, shutdown by remote, program your VCR and/or satellite tuner with your computer, etc. MP3 players are also quite popular. From LIRC http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIS

Logical IP Subnet (RFC 1577, ION) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LISA

Linux Installation & System Administration (Linux, LST) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lisa

LISa is intended to provide a kind of "Network Neighborhood" type of interface, but relies only on the TCP/IP protocol stack instead of SMB or proprietary protocols. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LISP

A high-level programming language, often used for artificial intelligence research, that makes no distinction between the program and the data. This language is considered ideal for manupulating text. One of the oldest programming labguages still in use, LISP is a declarative language; the programer composes lists that declare the relationships among symbolic values. Lists are the fundamental data structure of LISP, and the program performs computations on the symbolic values expressed in those lists. Like other public domain programming languages, however, a numbver of mutually unintelligible versions of LISP exist. A standardised, fully configured, and widely accepted version is Common LISP. See interpreter. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LISP

LISt Processing language - Artificial Intelligence's mother tongue, a symbolic, functional, recursive language based on the ideas of lambda-calculus, variable-length lists and trees as fundamental data types and the interpretation of code as data and vice-vers. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LISP

LISt Processor (LISP) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LISP

Lots of Isolated Silly Parentheses (LISP, slang) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LISP

n. [from `LISt Processing language', but mythically from `Lots of Irritating Superfluous Parentheses'] AI's mother tongue, a language based on the ideas of (a) variable-length lists and trees as fundamental data types, and (b) the interpretation of code as data and vice-versa. Invented by John McCarthy at MIT in the late 1950s, it is actually older than any other HLL still in use except FORTRAN. Accordingly, it has undergone considerable adaptive radiation over the years; modern variants are quite different in detail from the original LISP 1.5. The dominant HLL among hackers until the early 1980s, LISP now shares the throne with C. Its partisans claim it is the only language that is truly beautiful. See languages of choice. All LISP functions and programs are expressions that return values; this, together with the high memory utilization of LISPs, gave rise to Alan Perlis's famous quip (itself a take on an Oscar Wilde quote) that "LISP programmers know the value of everything and the cost of nothing". One significant application for LISP has been as a proof by example that most newer languages, such as COBOL and Ada, are full of unnecessary crocks. When the Right Thing has already been done once, there is no justification for bogosity in newer languages. From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

list

A sequence of one or more pipelines separated by one of the operators ;, &, &&, or ||, and terminated by one of ;, &, or . From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

listres

list resources in widgets From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lists-archives

Web archive for mailing lists Creates a website of historical posts to mailing lists, in the sorted style used by the Debian Project (http://www.debian.org/Lists-Archives). It works by subscribing a procmail recipe to the list, so any list can be archived. Full-text searching is possible if glimpse is also installed (Glimpse is no longer in the archive, but the search scripts still are). This package may also be used as the backend archiver for mailman (www.list.org). For the full effect, configure the webserver: Alias /Lists-Archives /var/lib/lists-archives/archives From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LISTSERV

provide a forum for the exchange of information and ideas through email. A popular mailing list server for Linux is Majordomo. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Listserv

The most common kind of maillist, "Listserv" is a registered trademark of L-Soft international, Inc. Listservs originated on BITNET but they are now common on the Internet. See also: BITNET, Internet (Upper case I), Maillist. From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Listserver

Listservers (also just called mailing lists or electronic discussion lists) extend simple email communication onto another level of efficiency by enabling a user to send one message to a large audience. They are usually semi-automated (sometimes fully automated) email distribution systems and have been around since the early 80's and the launch of BITNET by the State University of New York. From Faculty-of-Education http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LISUAF

[thueringer] LandesInformationsSystem Umwelt, Agrar und Forst (UIS), "LIS-UAF" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LITA

Library and Information Technology Association (org., USA) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LITTA

Latvijas Informacijas Tehnologiju un Telekomunikaciju Asociacija (org., Lettland) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIU

Line Interface Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIV

Link Integrity Verification From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIVE

LInux VErband (Linux, org.) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

liveice

Live audio streaming application LiveIce is a live streaming program that allows input either from your soundcard's line in or from mp3 files to be mixed and re-encoded and then streamed to an icecast server. This means that you can use liveice with your microphone and do live audio broadcasts, or even use a mp3 playlist and use the multi channel support to speed up, slow down, adjust volumes, and mix between the two channels, and then re-encode the data at a lower bitrate to be sent out to a icecast server. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIVID

Language Identification and Voice IDentification From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LIW

Long Instruction Word (CPU) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

liwc

Tools for manipulating C source code Includes programs for converting C++ comments to C comments, removing C comments, print out string literals, and converting characters to trigraphs and trigraphs to characters. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LKI

Labor fuer Kuenstliche Intelligenz (org., KI, Hamburg, Germany) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LLAP

Localtalk Link Access Protocol (AppleTalk, LAP) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LLATMI

Lower Layer ATM Interface (ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LLB

Local Location Broker (NCS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LLC

Logical Link Control (IEEE 802.2, ISO, OSI) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LLCSNAP

Logical Link Control/SubNetwork Access Protocol (LLC, SNAP), "LLC/SNAP" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lletters

GTK letters-learning game for small children This is based on author's daughter's (formerly) favorite game, Larry's Learning Letters and Numbers. This is a Linux replacement, written from scratch, with many improvements. It was built using the GTK (Gimp ToolKit) for X. It presently works with 1.0.x and 1.1.x, but images load faster with the newer library. It is intended for children 2 and up, and is a fun learning game. It helps younger chilren learn their letters and numbers, while older children will improve their spelling, and vocabulary skills. It also helps them develop important keyboard and mouse skills too. You can have more than one image for each word, more than one word for each letter, and you can add new images without recompiling too. THIS IS ALPHA SOFTWARE, use it at your own risk. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lletters

linux letters and games for young kids From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lletters-media

GTK letters-learning game for small children This is based on author's daughter's (formerly) favorite game, Larry's Learning Letters and Numbers. This is a Linux replacement, written from scratch, with many improvements. It was built using the GTK (Gimp ToolKit) for X. It presently works with 1.0.x and 1.1.x, but images load faster with the newer library. It is intended for children 2 and up, and is a fun learning game. It helps younger chilren learn their letters and numbers, while older children will improve their spelling, and vocabulary skills. It also helps them develop important keyboard and mouse skills too. This package installs the images and sounds required by the lletters package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LLN

Line Link Network From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LLNL

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (org., USA) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LLP

Link Level Protocol (BTX) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lm-batmon

A Cute and Cuddly APM Battery Monitor It's a APM battery monitor on your desktop with a cute and cuddly -Moe- accessory character. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lm-sensors

Utilities to read temperature/voltage/fan sensors Lm-sensors is a hardware health monitoring package for Linux. It allows you to access information from temperature, voltage, and fan speed sensors. It works with most newer systems. This package contains programs to help you set up and read data from lm-sensors. You will need lm-sensors and i2c kernel modules to use this package. This requires installing the lm-sensors-source package, and possibly the kernel-package package, and using those to build lm-sensors modules. i2c modules can be built from either the i2c-source package or from the Linux kernel sources (version 2.4.13 or later). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lm-sensors-source

Kernel drivers to read temperature/voltage/fan sensors (source) Lm-sensors is a hardware health monitoring package for Linux. It allows you to access information from temperature, voltage, and fan speed sensors. It works with most newer systems. This package contains the source for kernel modules that are necessary to access the data. The kernel sources must be installed to compile these modules. lm-sensors requires a separate set of drivers to access the I2C bus. If you are using kernel 2.4.13 or newer, it is sufficient to enable "I2C /proc support" and a set of I2C drivers in your kernel configuration. If you have an older kernel or want more up-to-date support, you need to also install the i2c-source package and build modules from that. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LMDS

Local Multi-point Distribution System From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LME

Large Memory Enabled [devices and drivers] (DAC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LME

Layer Management Entity (OSI) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lmemory

A children's game based on the "memory" card game This game is intended for children aged 3 and up. It features the ability to add your own 64x64 pixmap images. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LMFAO

Laughing My F****** Ass Off (Usenet, IRC, slang) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LMI

Layer Management Interface (ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LMS

Library Maintenance System (BS2000) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LMU

LAN Manager for Unix (Unix), "LM/U" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LMX

LAN Manager for uniX (LAN, Unix, MS), "LM/X" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lm_sensors

The lm_sensors package includes a collection of modules for general SM Bus access and hardware monitoring. NOTE: this package requires special support which is not in standard 2.2-vintage kernels. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ln

make links between files From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lndir

create a shadow directory of symbolic links to another directory tree From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LNN

Lotus Notes Network (Lotus) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LNX System

The LNX System aims to be a well-engineered Linux distribution, with a centralized CVS repository; structured and flexible packaging; maintained and integrated subsystems; pro-actively-secure and audited code; ... LNXS 0.2.0 was released April 11, 2001. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LNX-BBC

The LNX-BBC is a mini Linux-distribution, small enough to fit on a business card sized CDROM. LNX-BBC can be used to rescue ailing machines, perform intrusion post-mortems, act as a temporary workstation, install Debian, and perform many other tasks. Version 2.1 was released May 1, 2003. A CD-based distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

load balancing

distributing processing and communications activity evenly across a computer network so that no single device is overwhelmed. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

loadkeys

load keyboard translation tables From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

loadlin

a loader (running under DOS) for LINUX kernel images LOADLIN-1.6 is highly adaptable to different DOS configurations, and now has very few loading restrictions. It makes use of extended memory and also can load big kernels (bzImages) and ramdisk images (initrd) directly high. LOADLIN also can load out of Virtual-86 mode (which is normal when using EMS drivers) if a VCPI server is present. The loadlin package also includes the freeramdisk program, which can return memory to the system when a ramdisk is no longer needed. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

loadmeter

Attractive X11 load meter Loadmeter is an attractive X11 based system monitor. It displays load average, uptime, disk and memory usages. It uses a coloured bar graph display for easy reading and popup menus for other info. It uses less memory than xload. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

loadshlib

Gnome Object Activation Directory From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

loadwatch

Run a program using only idle cycles loadwatch forks a child process and only allows it to run when the system load meets user defined parameters. loadwatch allows you to specify that a program should run only if the load is below a set point, and will stop it when that point is reached. When the load falls below a second setpoint, the program will be continued. The period of sampling the system load can also be specified by the user. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOAF

Linux On A Floppy (LOAF) is a small yet extensible distribution of the Linux operating system. As the name implies, LOAF generally fits on a single floppy, but is not limited to just one, or floppies at all for that matter. LOAF's "new" [December 2001] intended purpose is a base in which the user can expand to his or her liking. Version 1 was essentially 'ssh on a floppy', as this was its initial raison d'etre. As of version 2, however, LOAF is a much more generic distribution, meant to be expanded via packages. It can be a client, it can be a server, it can be a router. The ultimate function of LOAF is completely up to the user. A floppy-based distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOC

LAN Operations Center (LAN) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOC

Lines Of Code From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOC

Loss of Cell delineation (UNI, ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

local area network (LAN)

A computer network that covers a relatively small area. Most LANs cover a single building or group of buildings. A system of LANs can be connected over any distance through telephone lines and radio waves, creating a wide-area network. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

local loop

In telephony, the term local loop means the pair of copper wires that lead from your house to the nearby central office (CO). It is called a "loop" because it is a wire leading out from the CO, through your home, and back to the CO again. When the FBI puts a wiretap on your phone, it may put an eavesdropping device onto this pair of wires. From Hacking-Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

locale

Describes a locale definition file From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

locale

Description of multi-language support From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

locale

Get locale-specific information. From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

locale-gen

generates localisation files from templates From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

localeconf

debconf interface to locale configuration This package provides a debconf-based interface to configuring the system-wide locale settings on your system. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

localedef

compile locale definition files From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

localepurge

Automagically removing unnecessary locale data This is just a simple script to recover diskspace wasted for unneeded locale files and localized man pages. It will automagically be invoked upon completion of any apt installation run. Please note, that this tool is a hack which is *not* integrated with Debian's package management system and therefore is not for the faint of heart. Responsibility for it's usage and possible breakage of your system therefore lies in the sysadmin's (your) hands. Please definitely do abstain from reporting any bugs blaming localepurge if you break your system by using it. If you don't know what you are doing and can't handle any resulting breakage on your own then please simply don't use this package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

locales

GNU C Library: National Language (locale) data [support] Machine-readable data files, shared objects and programs used by the C library for localization (l10n) and internationalization (i18n) support. This package contains the libc.mo i18n files, plus tools to generate locale definitions from source files (included in this package). It allows you to customize which definitions actually get generated. This is a savings over how this package used to be, where all locales were generated by default. This created a package that unpacked to an excess of 30 megs. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

locales

These are the base files for language localization. You also need to install the specific locales-?? for the language(s) you want. Then the user need to set the LANG variable to their preferred language in their ~/.profile configuration file. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

locales-en

These are the base files for English language localization. Contains: en_CA en_DK en_GB en_IE en_US From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

localhost

The name typically given to a standalone computer system (or a system on a network that does not have its host name assigned to it by a server). From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

locate

list files in databases that match a pattern From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOCIS

Library Of Congress Information System (Internet) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lock

A temporary file that keeps data and applications from being used by multiple processes or users, which may cause data collisions and/or corruption. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lockdev

Lockdev provides a reliable way to put an exclusive lock to devices using both FSSTND and SVr4 methods. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lockfile

conditional semaphore-file creator From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lockfile-progs

Programs for locking and unlocking files and mailboxes. This package includes several programs to safely lock and unlock files and mailboxes from the command line. These include: lockfile-create lockfile-remove lockfile-touchlock mail-lock mail-unlock mail-touchlock These programs use liblockfile to perform the file locking and unlocking, so they are guaranteed compatible with Debian's file locking policies. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lockvc

Screensaver to lock your Linux console(s) Lockvc is a console-locking-program combined with some nifty vga- screensavers. All virtual consoles get locked, i.e. you cannot change to another VC and you can't stop the program by pressing any key-combos. You can only exit the program by entering your system-password. Root's password will also terminate lockvc. To make the program available to any users, lockvc is installed setuid by default. Use dpkg-statoverride if you want to change this. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

loco

Perl script to add nice colors to your /var/log/messages file loco is a Perl script which gives the messages file (usually /var/log/messages) some color, so the output is easier to read. It uses a Perl module called Term::ANSIColor to produce the colors. The Perl script is very readable and customizable. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOCT

Layered Open Crypto Toolkit (RSA, cryptography) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOD

Level Of Detail (3D) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOF

Loss of Frame (UNI, ATM, DS3/E3) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

log

A file that contains status information collected from services and daemons. Logs can usually alert system administrators to issues that need resolution. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Log

To store application or system messages or errors. Also, a file that holds this information. From I-gloss http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Log file rotation

Log files are rotated daily or weekly by the logrotate package. Its configuration file is /etc/logrotate.conf. For each package that happens to produce a log file, there is an additional configuration file under /etc/logrotate.d/. It is also easy to write your own - begin by using one of the existing files as an example. Rotation means that the log file is renamed with a .1 extension and then truncated to zero length. The service is notified by the logrotate program, sometimes with a SIGHUP. Your /var/log/ may contain a number of old log files named .2, .3, etc. The point of log file rotation is to prevent log files from growing indefinitely. From Rute-Users-Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Log files

UNIX has a strict policy of not reporting error messages to the user interface whenever there might be no user around to read those messages. Whereas error messages of interactive commands are sent to the terminal screen, error or information messages produced by non-interactive commands are ``logged'' to files in the directory /var/log/. A log file is a plain text file that continually has one-liner status messages appended to it by a daemon process. The usual directory for log files is /var/log. The main log files are /var/log/messages and possibly /var/log/syslog. It contains kernel messages and messages from a few primary services. When a service would produce large log files (think web access with thousands of hits per hour), the service would use its own log file. sendmail, for example, uses /var/log/maillog. Actually, lpd does not have a log file of its own--one of its failings. View the system log file with the follow option to tail: tail -f /var/log/messages; tail -f /var/log/syslog. Restarting the lpd service gives messages like: [Not all distributions log this information.] . Jun 27 16:06:43 cericon lpd: lpd shutdown succeeded; Jun 27 16:06:45 cericon lpd: lpd startup succeeded. From Rute-Users-Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

log-analysis

Analyse system's logs to find out problems Log-analysis will analyse syslog, wtmp and sulog files in the system in order to summarise information found there. It will also apply a number of known expressions in order to extract relevant data it knows of. Log-analysis can be customized and extended with custom configuration files to detect certain events that are system-dependant. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

log2mail

Daemon watching logfiles and mailing lines matching patterns. log2mail is a small daemon watching logfiles and sending mail to a specified address if a regular expression is matched. log2mail uses a configuration file. It has some options to reduce the amount of messages send to the user. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logcheck

Mails anomalies in the system logfiles to the administrator Logcheck is part of the Abacus Project of security tools. It is a program created to help in the processing of UNIX system logfiles generated by the various Abacus Project tools, system daemons, Wietse Venema's TCP Wrapper and Log Daemon packages, and the Firewall Toolkit) by Trusted Information Systems Inc.(TIS). Logcheck helps spot problems and security violations in your logfiles automatically and will send the results to you in e-mail. This program is free to use at any site. Please read the disclaimer before you use any of this software. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logcheck-database

A database of system log rules for the use of log checkers This database is part of the logcheck package, but might be used by others. It brings a database of regular expressions for matching system log entries after various criteria. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logger

make entries in the system log From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logical block addressing (LBA)

Used by large hard disk drives to translate hard drive elements (blocks, cylinders, and sectors) into block numbers for processing. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logical volume management (LVM)

A kernel-level subsystem for managing multiple storage devices. Physical drive partitions are collected into logical volumes and provides dynamic resizing of logical volumes with the addition (or removal) of physical drives. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logidee-tools

Tools to write courses in XML and export them to various formats logidee-tools is a set of tools to write courses in XML. You can then export those courses in various formats (PS, PDF, HTML) using several XSL stylesheets. The DTD is quite simple and you can generate files in English and in French. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

login

Begin session on the system From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Login

Noun or a verb. Noun: The account name used to gain access to a computer system. Not a secret (contrast with Password). Verb: the act of connecting to a computer system by giving your credentials (usually your "username" and "password"). From Matisse http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

login

System login tools These tools are required to be able to login and use your system. The login program invokes you user shell and enables command execution. The newgrp program is used to change your effective group ID (useful for workgroup type situations). The su program allows changing your effective user ID (useful being able to execute commands as another user). Also supplies a logout daemon that can place limits on when, from where, and for how long certain users can login to the system. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

login.app

A login application designed with the NeXTStep look in mind Login.app provides a graphical login prompt, resembling the one found on NeXTStep systems. WindowMaker (wmaker package) is the closest-to-NeXTStep window manager available, therefore, if you want a consistent look and feel, login.app suggests it. It doesn't substitute xdm, it's merely a spiffy login prompt. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logjam

A GTK client for LiveJournal LogJam is a GTK+ client for LiveJournal.com. It is the official LiveJournal *nix client, too. LogJam allows you to quickly and easily work with your LiveJournal without leaving the comfort of X. As an added bonus, it looks fancy. LogJam does everything you'd expect it to, and more. LogJam is the new release of LoserJabber. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logname

print user's login name From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logo

a dialect of lisp using turtle graphics famous for teaching kids. From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logout-button

log out from your X session by pressing a button on your screen. This is a button that appears on your screen when you log into xdm. When you press it, it logs you out of the session. You need to have a file called .xsession in your home dir that starts the logout button in the foreground and your window manager in the background. By putting other things in this file, you can do things like change your background to your favorite image, start a clock and/or a terminal window, or even add a rotating earth or fish tank! You can start any number of programs as long as you background them. An example of .xsession is in /usr/doc/logout-button/examples and if you edit it choosing your favorite window manager, it will try to find and use it. Remember to place it in ~you/.xsession and make it executable. If you don't edit it, it will try to find and use the fvwm2 window mgr. X infrastructure has a mechanism which waits for some program to exit indicating the user wishes to end his X session. logout-button is the simplest form of such a "session manager". The example .xsession file provided in the doc/examples directory picks a window manager to run, starts it in the background, optionally starts other clients (xterm, xearth, xfishtank) also in the background and finally starts the session manager (logout-button) in the foreground, replacing the process and process ID belonging to the shell interpreting the .xsession. Because the infrastructure of X is waiting for this process to exit, when logout-button is pushed, the session is ended. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logrotate

Log rotation utility The logrotate utility is designed to simplify the administration of log files on a system which generates a lot of log files. Logrotate allows for the automatic rotation compression, removal and mailing of log files. Logrotate can be set to handle a log file daily, weekly, monthly or when the log file gets to a certain size. Normally, logrotate runs as a daily cron job. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logrotate

Logrotate is designed to ease administration of systems that generate large numbers of log files. It allows automatic rotation, compression, removal, and mailing of log files. Each log file may be handled daily, weekly, monthly, or when it grows too large. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logtail

Returns parts of logfiles that have not already been returned This program will read in a standard text file and create an offset marker when it reads the end. The offset marker is read the next time logtail is run and the text file pointer is moved to the offset location. This allows logtail to read in the next lines of data following the marker. This is good for marking log files for automatic log file checkers to monitor system events. This program is mainly used by logcheck, because it returns only parts of the system logfiles that have not already been checked. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logtool

Syslog-style logfile parser with lots of output options logtool is a syslog-style logfile parser and report-generator, capable of producing ANSI, ASCII, CSV (for spreadsheets), HTML or just raw output. It's very handy in generating nightly reports and in online monitoring of logfile activity. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logtools

Russell's misc tools for managing log files. clfmerge - merge common-log-format web logs in order without sorting (good for when you have a gig of logs). logprn - like "tail -f" but after a specified time period of inactivity will run a program (such as lpr) and pipe the new data to it) funnel - pipe one stream of data to several files or processes. clfsplit - split CLF format web logs by client IP address. clfdomainsplit - split CLF logs by server domain. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logview

the GNOME logfile viewer From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

logwatch

LogWatch is a customizable log analysis system. LogWatch parses through your system's logs for a given period of time and creates areport analyzing areas that you specify, in as much detail as you require. LogWatch is easy to use and claims that it will work right out of the package on almost all systems. Note that LogWatch now analyzes Samba logs. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lojban-common

Commonly used wordlists for the lojban language This package contains the (hopefully latest) versions of the gismu, cmavo, and lujvo wordlists for the lojban language. See http://www.lojban.org/ for more information on this language. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lokkit

basic interactive firewall configuration tool (console interface) Lokkit is an attempt to provide firewalling for the average Linux end user. Instead of having to configure firewall rules the Lokkit program asks a small number of simple questions and writes a firewall rule set for you. Lokkit is not designed to configure arbitary firewalls. To make it simple to understand it is solely designed to handle typical dialup user and cable modem setups. It is not the answer to a complex firewall configuration, and it is not the equal of an expert firewall designer. Home Page: http://www.linux.org.uk/apps/lokkit.shtml From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lokkit

The Lokkit utility attempts to provide firewalling for the average Linux end user. Instead of configuring firewall rules, Lokkit asks asmall number of simple questions and writes a firewall rule set for you. Lokkit is not designed to configure arbitrary firewalls. To make it simple to understand, it is solely designed to handle typical dialup user and cable modem setups. It will not provide a complex firewall configuration, and it is not the equal of an expert firewall designer. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOL

Laughing Out Loud (slang, Usenet, IRC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

longrun

Transmeta(TM) Crusoe(TM) LongRun(TM) utility LongRun (power management mechanism of Transmeta's Crusoe CPU) control utility. You can set/get LongRun status from command line. This utility only works on the LongRun support Crusoe CPU, and require the Linux CPUID and MSR device drivers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Lonix

Lonix is a console-based full Linux system which runs from a live CD. Based on Linux From Scratch, this distribution includes useful utilities for students and developers. Some servers, such as Apache, Proftpd, and sshd are pre-configured and included. It can also be used as a partition tool (featuring fdisk and parted) or as a rescue CD. Currently, the homepage and some scripts in the CD are just in Spanish. There may be a future release that is also in English. The initial Freshmeat announcement for version 1.0rc3, was made on October 13, 2002. Version 1.0rc5 was released October 27, 2002. A CD-based distribution. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

look

display lines beginning with a given string From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Looks like Italian. Distro at 4.0; site is also news and comments in Italian. From LWN Distribution List

http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lookup

utility to search text files quickly and powerfully. It provides: Romaji-to-Kana Converter, Fuzzy Searching, Search with Regular Expressions, Filtering, Automatic Modifications, Smart Word-Preference Mode From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lookup-el

Search interface to electronic dictionaries by Emacs. The original name of this software is lookup, then here after this package is referred as "Lookup". Lookup is a search dictionary software for Emacs|XEmacs. (The original Lookup supports Mule, but this debian-package does not support Mule.) Lookup provide the simple and unified search interface for the commercial electric dictionary as well as the network dictionary server . The features of Lookup - Lookup can access various dictionaries. Furthermore the interface of search is unified. - Lookup can be used to search a number of dictionaries at one try. - You can add the new search command easily, p.r.n. (See info) - If you need, You can customize the result of search. (See info) From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

loopback

A virtual device that allows a computer system to mount image files (a loopback device) or run services for the local machine (a loopback network address). From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

loopback address

a special IP number (127.0.0.1) that is designated for the software loopback interface of a machine. 127.0.0.0 through 127.255.255.255 is also reserved for loopback and is used for internal testing on local machines. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

loopback device

is a block device that can be used as a disk but really points to an ordinary file somewhere. If your imagination isn't already running wild, consider creating a floppy disk with file system, files and all, without actually having a floppy disk, and being able to dump this creation to floppy at any time with dd. You can also have a whole other LINUX system inside a 500 MB file on a Windows partition and boot into it--thus obviating having to repartition a Windows machine just to run LINUX. All this can be done with loopback and RAM devices. From Rute-Users-Guide http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LoopLinux

This is a Slackware based distribution of the Linux operating system that can be installed and run from a DOS system, i.e. MSDOS, PCDOS, DRDOS, and Win9X in DOS mode. With the loop or UMSDOS version of the Linux system there's no need to repartition. The Linux system will just be a file or directory on your current DOS/Win9X system, and act like it was on it's own partition. LoopLinux 3.0 was released June 4, 2003. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOOPS

LISP Object Oriented Programming System (Xerox, OOP, LISP) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOP

Loss of Pointer (UNI) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lopster

A Napster client using the GTK UI. Lopster is a Napster Client developed in C using the GTK user interface. Napster is a protocol for sharing MP3 files between users. With Napster, the files stay on the client machine, never passing through the server. The server provides the ability to search for particular files and initiate a direct transfer between the clients. In addition, chat forums similar to IRC are available. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lorder

list dependencies for object files From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOS

Local Operating System From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOS

Loss of Signal (UNI, ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

losetup

Linux supports a special block device called the loop device, which maps a normal file onto a virtual block device. This allows for the file to be used as a "virtual file system" inside another file. Losetup is used to associate loop devices with regular files or block devices, to detach loop devices and to query the status of a loop device. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

losetup

set up and control loop devices From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOSP

LOw SPeed channel connector (Cray, I/O) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Lossless compression

A data compression technique that reduces the size of a file without sacrificing any original data; used by programs, such as Stacker to compress all the program and document files on a hard disk. In lossless compression, the expanded or restored file is an exact replica of the original fie before it was compressed, while in lossy comprssion, data is lost in a way imperceptible to humans. Lossless compression is suitable for text and computer code, while lossy compression is good mainly for shrinking audio and graphics files. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Lossy compression

A data compression technique in which some data is deliberately discarded to achieve massive reductions in the size of the compressed file. Lossy compression techniques can reduce a file to 1/50 of its former size (or less), compred to the average of one-third achieved by lossless compression techniques. Lossy compression is used for graphics files in which the loss of data - such as information about some of the graphic's several million colors - isn't noticeable. An example is the JPEG compression technique.see lossless compression. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Lost cluster

A cluster that remains on disk, even though the file allocation table (FAT) contains no record of its link to a file. Lost clusters can occur when the computer is turned off (or the power fails) or tries to perform other operation while a file is being written. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lout

Typesetting system, an alternative to (La)TeX. Lout is a document formatting system similar in style to LaTeX, i.e. it works with mark-up files - plain text files containing commands to control the formatting. Lout offers a very full range of features, including o PostScript, PDF, and plain text output o optimal paragraph and page breaking o automatic hyphenation o PostScript EPS file inclusion and generation o equation formatting, tables, diagrams o rotation and scaling o sorted indexes, bibliographic databases o running headers and odd-even pages, automatic cross referencing o multilingual documents including hyphenation (most European languages are supported, including Russian), o formatting of C/C++ programs. Lout may be extended by writing definitions which are much simpler than the equivalent troff or TeX macros. Lout has several advantages over (La)TeX. It is much smaller, and it is much easier to understand how to do things in Lout (including writing definitions) than in TeX or LaTeX. Lout's PostScript output is very small and clean. However, it is much less widely used than (La)TeX, so there are fewer add-on definition packages for Lout than for (La)TeX and fewer local experts around to ask about problems. You are unlikely to find many Lout documents floating around the 'net. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOV

List Of Values (DB, Oracle, Java) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LOVIS

LagerOrtVerwaltungs- und InformationsSystem (MBAG) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

low-bandwidth

adj. [from communication theory] Used to indicate a talk that, although not content-free, was not terribly informative. "That was a low-bandwidth talk, but what can you expect for an audience of suits!" Compare zero-content, bandwidth, math-out. From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

low-level language

A computer language that deals with hardware registers by name; also known as assembly language. A program written in a low-level language can be used only on a computer system that uses one type of main processor (or possibly a member of a family of processors). From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LP

Line Printer (Unix) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LP

Linear Programming From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LP

Logical Partition (LVM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lp (line printer, lpd, lpr)

On UNIX systems, the printer is generally known as the "line printer". Remember that in the days before computers, there actually existed printing devices that were not attached to computers. The line-printer is a printer that was "on-line" and available for use by the computer. From Hacking-Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lp-solve

Solve (mixed integer) linear programming problems The linear programming (LP) problem can be formulated as: Solve A.x >= V1, with V2.x maximal. A is a matrix, x a vector of (nonnegative) variables, V1 a vector called the right hand side, and V2 a vector specifying the objective function. An integer linear programming (ILP) problem is an LP with the constraint that all the variables are integers. In a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) problem, some of the variables are integer and others are real. The program lp_solve solves LP, ILP, and MILP problems. It is slightly more general than suggested above, in that every row of A (specifying one constraint) can have its own (in)equality, <=, >= or =. The result specifies values for all variables. lp_solve uses the 'Simplex' algorithm and sparse matrix methods for pure LP problems. If one or more of the variables is declared integer, the Simplex algorithm is iterated with a branch and bound algorithm, until the desired optimal solution is found. lp_solve can read MPS format input files. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPB

[S3] Local Peripheral Bus From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpc

line printer control program From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPC

Linear Predictive Coding (voice processing) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPC

Low Pin Count [interface] From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPD

Line Printer DAEMON From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpd

line printer spooler daemon From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpd

Lpd is the line printer daemon (spool area handler) and is normally invoked at boot time from the rc(8) file. It makes a single pass through the printcap(5) file to find out about the existing printers and prints any files left after a crash. It then uses the system calls listen and accept to receive requests to print files in the queue, transfer files to the spooling area, display the queue, or remove jobs from the queue. In each case, it forks a child to handle the request so the parent can continue to listen for more requests. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPDA

Link Problem Determination Aid From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPDP

Line Printer DAEMON Protocol (RFC 1179) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPDU

Link Protocol Data Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpe

Lightweight Programmer's Editor Lpe stands for "lightweight programmer's editor", and is exactly that. It is designed to provide at the same time all the features that might be required in a decent code editor and a light, intuitive feel that makes it a pleasure to work with, making all necessary commands accessible as easily as possible. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPEX

Live Parsing eXtensible Editor (IBM, OS/2) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPF

League for Programming Freedom (org.) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpf

lpd filter for nroff output From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lphdisk

prepares hibernation partition for Phoenix NoteBIOS This utility prepares and formats the hibernation partition for notebook computers that use Phoenix NoteBIOS. Once this partition has been prepared, it can be used with the BIOS's APM Suspend-To-Disk feature. Laptops that can make use of a hibernation partition include several ARMNotes, the Dell Inspiron 5000, Sony VAIOs, and many Tuxtops laptops. See the README in this package for a complete list. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPI

Lines Per Inch From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPI

Linux Professional Institute (Linux, org.) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpkg

Newton MessagePad PDA Package Loader Using lpkg you can install Newton packages from your Linux machine to your Apple's Newton MessagePad PDA device through the serial port. Use /usr/sbin/lpkgconfig to configure which port you want to use, and users must be in the 'dialout' group to use lpkg. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPP

Licensed Program Product (IBM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpq

lpq examines the spooling area used by lpd for printing files on the line printer, and reports the status of the specified jobs or all jobs associated with a user. Lpq invoked without any arguments reports on any jobs currently in the queue. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpq

spool queue examination program From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpr

BSD lpr/lpd line printer spooling system This is the BSD printer spooler and associated utilities. You can use this for local and remote printers. If you install magicfilter or apsfilter (along with ghostscript), lpr will be able to automatically handle special file types (such as Postscript and PDF files). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPR

Low Priority Request (VUMA) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpr

off line print From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpr

The line printer command uses a spooling daemon to print the named files when facilities become available. If no names appear, the standard input is assumed. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lpr-ppd

BSD lpr/lpd line printer spooling system This is the BSD printer spooler and associated utilities. You can use this for local and remote printers. If you install magicfilter or apsfilter (along with ghostscript), lpr will be able to automatically handle special file types (such as Postscript and PDF files). If you install printfilters-ppd, lpr will be able to handle device-specific options via PPD files. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lprfax

Utility to allow printing to a fax modem lprfax provides a set of scripts and programs to control network fax spooling through the LPRng print system. The goal is to enable transparent faxing in any application able to print, via 'lpr -Pfax -J<number or name>'. Features: * integration with mgetty/sendfax system and configuration files * load balancing among multiple fax modems * remote queue/log inspection and control * Customizable cover page generation via banner-page filters * Customizable name/fax number lookup from job specification * automated fax retries via lprng hold/release mechanism From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lprm

remove jobs from the line printer spooling queue From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lprng

lpr/lpd printer spooling system The LPRng software is an enhanced, extended, and portable version of the Berkeley LPR software (the standards UNIX printer spooler) You can use this for local and remote printers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPRng

LPRng is an enhanced, extended, and portable implementation of the Berkeley LPR print spooler functionality. LPRng provides the same interface and meets RFC1179 requirements, but the implementation is completely new and provides support for the following features:lightweight (no databases needed) lpr, lpc, and lprm programs; dynamic redirection of print queues; automatic job holding; highly verbose diagnostics; multiple printers serving a single queue; client programs do not need to run SUID root; greatly enhanced security checks; and a greatly improved permission and authorization mechanism. LPRng is compatible with other print spoolers and network printers that use the LPR interface and meet RFC1179 requirements. LPRng provides emulation packages for the SVR4 lp and lpstat programs, eliminating the need for another print spooler package. These emulation packages can be modified according to local requirements, in order to support older printing systems. For users who require secure and/or authenticated printing support,LPRng supports Kerberos V, MIT Kerberos IV Print Support, and PGPauthentication. Additional authentication support is very simple to add. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPRng

The next-generation line printer daemon that adds features and printer filters over the legacy lpr. From Redhat-9-Glossary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lprngtool

GUI frontend to LPRng based /etc/printcap LPRngTool is a graphical frontend to configure the /etc/printcap on LPRng based printing systems. It is based on Red Hat's printtool, but has a number of added features. It has support for configuring local, remote, SMB, JetDirect, and raw printers and queues. It has support for a number of queue management features such as: pause/resume, reprinting of errored jobs, ability to view remote printcaps, job removal, job redirection, job reordering, and the ability to stop or start queueing, printing, or both. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPS

Lines Per Second From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPS

Lotus Professional Services (Lotus) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPT

/L-P-T/ or /lip'it/ or /lip-it'/ n. 1. Line printer (originally Line Printing Terminal). Rare under Unix, more common among hackers who grew up with ITS, MS-DOS, CP/M and other operating systems that were strongly influenced by early DEC conventions. 2. Local PorT. Used among MS-DOS programmers (and so expanded in the MS-DOS 5 manual). It seems likely this is a backronym. From Jargon Dictionary http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPT

Line PrinTer From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lptest

generate lineprinter ripple pattern From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LPX

Low Profile eXtended [motherboard] From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LQ

Letter Quality From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LQM

Link Quality Monitoring (PPP) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LR

Location Register (LA, GSM, mobile-systems) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LRC

Longitudinal Redundancy Check From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LRPC

Lightweight Remote Procedure Calls (OLE) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LRS

Line Repeater Station From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LRs-Linux

LRs-Linux is based upon Linux From Scratch (LFS). In contrast to LFS and most common distros, LRs Linux has the ability to compile directly from the CD. This means that binaries can be natively compiled for the target host during the install, enhancing the performance of the resultant system. The install process is largely automated. LRs-Linux was initially released at version 0.2.5 on February 27, 2002. Version 0.3.1-rc2 was released February 12, 2003. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LRU

Least Recently Used From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LRZ

Leibniz RechenZentrum (org., BADW) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lrzsz

Lrzsz (consisting of lrz and lsz) is a cosmetically modified zmodem/ymodem/xmodem package built from the public-domain version of the rzsz package. Lrzsz was created to provide a working GNU copylefted Zmodem solution for Linux systems. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lrzsz

Tools for zmodem/xmodem/ymodem file transfer Lrzsz is a cosmetically modified zmodem/ymodem/xmodem package built from the public-domain version of Chuck Forsberg's rzsz package. These programs use error correcting protocols ({z,x,y}modem) to send (sz, sx, sb) and receive (rz, rx, rb) files over a dial-in serial port from a variety of programs running under various operating systems. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LS

LAN Server (IBM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ls

The program ls lists first its non-directory file arguments, and then for each directory argument all listable files contained within that directory. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ls

Unix command used to list files and directories. From KADOWKEV http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSA

Link State Advertisement (OSPF) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSA

Lotus Solution Architecture (Lotus) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSAPI

Licensed Services Application Program Interface (MS, API) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsattr

list file attributes on a Linux second extended file system From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSB

Least Significant Bit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSB

Linux Standard Base (Linux) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsb

Linux Standard Base 1.1 core support package The Linux Standard Base (http://www.linuxbase.org/) is a standard core system that third-party applications can depend upon. This package provides an implementation of version 1.1.0 of the Linux Standard Base for Debian on the Intel x86 architecture with the Linux kernel. Future revisions may support the LSB on additional architectures and kernels. The intent of this package is to provide a best current practice way of installing and running LSB packages on Debian GNU/Linux. Its presence does not imply that we believe that Debian fully complies with the Linux Standard Base, and should not be construed as a statement that Debian is LSB-compliant. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsb

The skeleton package defining packages needed for LSB compliance. Also contains some directories LSB tests look for that aren't owned by other Mandrake packages, and scripts to re-create the old /sbin/fasthalt and /sbin/fastboot. Currently, to be able to run the LSB binary test suit successfully, you need to boot with devfs=nomount, as well as insure that the partitions containing /tmp and /home are mounted with the option 'atime', rather than 'noatime'. You should also note that using the fstab option 'acl' for Posix ACLs will generate 1 test failure. This is not enabled by default on Mandrake Linux. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsb-release

LSB version query program This program forms part of the required functionality ofthe LSB (Linux Standard Base) specification. The program queries the installed state of the distribution to display certain properties such as the version of theLSB against which the distribution claims compliance as well. It can also attempt to display the name and release of the distribution along with an identifier of who produces the distribution. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsbdev-guide

LSB Application Developers' Guide This is the LSB Application Developers' Guide, a document that covers the highlights and specifics that are important when developing applications for Linux that are compliant with the Linux Standard Base (LSB) specification. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSD

LSD was proposed as a Linux OS that could be a cache server distribution on CD-ROM, is suitable for installation on lowest-common-denominator PC hardware. Version 001 of the cache appliance was released in June 1998. Distribution development is not all that active. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSDU

Link Service Data Unit From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSE

Local Subscriber Environment From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSF

Load Sharing Facility From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsfcc

Linux Socket Filter Command Compiler This is lsfcc, a compiler producing Linux Socket Filter instructions out of a vaguely C-like toy language. LSF is a facility available in the Linux kernel since 2.1.something, whereby one can attach a set of filter rules to a socket to restrict the traffic that is allowed to pass through it. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsh

baby shell for novices with DOS compatible commands Lsh is a shell partially inspired by some command interpreters for PC monitors (such as 4-DOS, DR-DOS, MS-DOS, N-DOS, PC-DOS, Q-DOS and others, which might be trademarks of their owners and which is hereby acknowledged). However, most of the features of this shell are simply adapted from Unix (which also happens to be a trademark) shells. Lsh is especially useful for users who have had some DOS experience and are now supposed to do something under UNIX. This shell will ease the transition and make the usage of dialup services extremely easy for them. Note that this has nothing to do with the lsh Secure Shell v2 (SSH2) protocol implementation. If you need that SSH2 client, install lsh-client and see the lshc command. upstream webpage: http://people.cs.uct.ac.za/~mwelz/lsh.html From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsh-client

A Secure Shell v2 (SSH2) protocol implementation -- client lsh is GNU GPL'd implementation of the Secure Shell protocol version 2 (SSH2). The SSH (Secure SHell) protocol is a secure replacement for rlogin, rsh and rcp. This package contains the lsh client. This package is required to log into a remote lsh or ssh2 server. Please note that the client binary is normally called `lsh' rather than `lshc', but as there is already a `lsh' binary in Debian (the Limited SHell - see the `lsh' package), the client binary has been renamed to `lshc'. All the other program names remain as normal. This software may be freely imported into the United States; however, the United States Government may consider re-exporting it a criminal offense. Thus, if you are outside the US, please retrieve this software from outside the US. In some countries, particularly Russia, Iraq, Pakistan, and France, it may be illegal to use any encryption at all without a special permit. WARNING: This is a work in progress, and may be totally insecure. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsh-server

A Secure Shell v2 (SSH2) protocol implementation -- server lsh is GNU GPL'd implementation of the Secure Shell protocol version 2 (SSH2). The SSH (Secure SHell) protocol is a secure replacement for rlogin, rsh and rcp. This package contains the lsh server, lshd. This package is required to allow SSH2 logins to the local machine. If you also want to enable SSH1 logins, make sure you install the ssh package. This software may be freely imported into the United States; however, the United States Government may consider re-exporting it a criminal offense. Thus, if you are outside the US, please retrieve this software from outside the US. In some countries, particularly Russia, Iraq, Pakistan, and France, it may be illegal to use any encryption at all without a special permit. WARNING: This is a work in progress, and may be totally insecure. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsh-utils

Secure Shell v2 (SSH2) protocol implementation -- utilities lsh is GNU GPL'd implementation of the Secure Shell protocol version 2 (SSH2). The SSH (Secure SHell) protocol is a secure replacement for rlogin, rsh and rcp. This package contains the lsh utilities. This includes programs such as lsh_keygen, lsh_writekey (both programs for public/private key generation), lsh-authorize (for automatic remote key authentication) and a number of other utilities for use with both the lsh server and client. This software may be freely imported into the United States; however, the United States Government may consider re-exporting it a criminal offense. Thus, if you are outside the US, please retrieve this software from outside the US. In some countries, particularly Russia, Iraq, Pakistan, and France, it may be illegal to use any encryption at all without a special permit. WARNING: This is a work in progress, and may be totally insecure. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lshell

Enforce limits to protect system integrity. This program enforces resource quotas stored in a configuration file. It is easier and more secure that writing a shell script in /etc/profile and trying to compare user names in hard-coded if/else type trees. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSI

Large Scale Integration From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSI

Latent Semantic Indexing From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lskat

Lieutnant Skat card game for KDE. Lieutnant skat (from German Offiziersskat) is a card game for two players. It is roughly played according to the rules of Skat but with only two players and simplified rules. Every player has a set of cards in front of him/her, half of them covered and half of them open. Both players try to win more than 60 of the 120 possible points. After 16 moves all cards are played and the game ends. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lskb

Linux Security Knowledge Base This package contains a downloaded copy of the LSKB which includes information on many security related issues specific to Linux. The uptodate copy can be found at http://www.securityportal.com/lskb/ From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSL

Link Support Layer (ODI) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lslk

a lock file lister Lslk attempts to list all of the locks on the executing system's local files (i.e., on the active inodes). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSM

Linux Software Map (Linux) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsmod

list loaded modules. From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSN

Logical Sector Numbers (OS-9) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsnipes

A text-base maze-orientated game for linux. Snipes is a single-player text-mode action game in which the object is to kill a number of evil smiley face characters (the "snipes") and the hives which create them. Of course, the snipes try to kill you at the same time. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSO

Linux Standards Organization (org., Linux) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsof

list open files From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsof

List open files. Lsof is a Unix-specific diagnostic tool. Its name stands for LiSt Open Files, and it does just that. It lists information about any files that are open by processes current running on the system. The binary should work on any kernel in 2.2 or 2.4 From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lsof

This tool shows all the open file handles, sockets, and who owns them. From Hacking-Lexicon http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lspci

list all PCI devices From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lspci

list all PCI devices From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSR

Leaf Setup Request From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LST

Linux Support Team [distribution] (Linux) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LSU

LAN Service Unit (LAN) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LT

Line Termination (ADSL) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LT

Logical Terminal (IBM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LT

Lower Tester (ISO 9646-1) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LTC

Line Termination Coordinator From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LTERM

Logical TERMinal (IBM), "LTerm" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LTID

Logical Terminal IDentifier (IBM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LTO

Linear Tape Open (Streamer, IBM, HP, Seagate) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LTPS

Low Temperature PolySilicon From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LTPSTFT

Low Temperature PolySilicon Thin Film Transistor (TFT, LCD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ltrace

Ltrace is a debugging program which runs a specified command until the command exits. While the command is executing, ltrace intercepts and records both the dynamic library calls called by the executed process and the signals received by the executed process. Ltrace can also intercept and print system calls executed by the process. You should install ltrace if you need a sysadmin tool for tracking the execution of processes. From Mandrake 9.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ltrace

Tracks runtime library calls in dynamically linked programs ltrace is a debugging program which runs a specified command until it exits. While the command is executing, ltrace intercepts and records the dynamic library calls which are called by the executed process and the signals received by that process. It can also intercept and print the system calls executed by the program. The program to be traced need not be recompiled for this, so you can use it on binaries for which you don't have the source handy. You should install ltrace if you need a sysadmin tool for tracking the execution of processes. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LTSP

The Linux Terminal Server Project (LTSP) is all about running thin client computers in a GNU/Linux environment. Version 3.0 was announced January 7, 2002. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LTSS

Lawrence TimeSharing System (OS, LLNL) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

ltt

Linux Trace Toolkit - tools LTT is a kernel event tracer with low overhead. LTT provides it's user with all the information required to reconstruct a system's behavior during a certain period of time. One can know exactly the dynamics of a system. Why do certain synchronization problems occur? What exactly happens to an application when a packet is received for it? Overall, where do all the applications that I use pass their time? Where are the I/O latencies in a given application? etc. LTT requires a modified linux kernel that enables events to be logged. This package contains only the user-level tools for collecting and analysing the trace data. The kernel patch is available in the kernel-patch-ltt package. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LU

Logical Unit (NAU) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LU62

Logical Unit 6.2 (IBM), "LU6.2" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lua40

Small embeddable language with Pascal like syntax Lua is a powerful, light-weight programming language designed for extending applications. Lua is also frequently used as a general-purpose, stand-alone language. Lua is free software. Lua combines simple procedural syntax (similar to Pascal) with powerful data description constructs based on associative arrays and extensible semantics. Lua is dynamically typed, interpreted from bytecodes, and has and rapid prototyping. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lucas

Spanish Linux Documentation Project Documents. This package will install all the documents of LuCAS (Linux en Castellano), both the translated documents and the guides made within the project not available at the LDP. The Linux Documentation Project (LDP) is working on developing good, reliable documentation for the Linux operating system. Este paquete instala los documentos del proyecto de documentacisn de Linux traducidos al castellano, para mas informacisn ver /usr/share/doc/lucas/ o http://lucas.hispalinux.es/ . El Proyecto de Documentacisn de Linux al Castellano, trabaja en el desarrollo de documentacisn buena y fiable en castellano para el sistema operativo Linux, esto incluye traducir documentacisn del Linux Documentation Project y realizar documentacisn nueva. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lucas-manifesto

Manifiesto del Proyecto LuCAS. This package installs the manifiesto of the LuCAS project. Este paquete instala el manifiesto del proyecto LuCAS, traduccisn en inglis del manifiesto del "Linux Documentation Project". From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lucas-novato

De Novato a Novato. This is a guide from the LuCAS project (LDP in Spanish). Este paquete instala la guma "Linux: De Novato a Novato", del proyecto de Documentacisn de Linux en Castellano. Es una sencilla Guma con trucos para usuarios noveles para Debian. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lucas-redes

Introduccisn a la administracisn de redes TCP-IP. This is a guide from the LuCAS project (LDP in Spanish). Este paquete instala la guma "Introduccisn a la administracisn de redes TCP-IP" una traduccisn de una guma inglesa fruto del proyecto de Documentacisn de Linux en Castellano. Esta guma muestra al administrador csmo gestionar una red TCP-IP From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lucas-root

Guma del Enrootador de Linux. This is a guide from the LuCAS project (LDP in Spanish). Este paquete instala la guma "Guma del Enrootador" una traduccisn de una guma francesa fruto del proyecto de Documentacisn de Linux en Castellano. Es una Guma que intenta explicar csmo manejarse en el entorno Linux como superusuario (administrador). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LUG

Linux Users' Group - A LUG is a group of Linux users. Usually avid Linux users and advocates join a local LUG. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LUG

Local Users Group From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lukemftp

The enhanced ftp client. lukemftp is what many users affectionately call the enhanced ftp client in NetBSD (http://www.netbsd.org). The `lukem' comes from the account name of the NetBSD developer who wrote most of the enhancements: Luke Mewburn <lukem@netbsd.org>. This package is a `port' of the NetBSD ftp client to other systems. The enhancements over the standard ftp client in 4.4BSD include: * command-line editing within ftp * command-line fetching of URLS, including support for: - http proxies (c.f: $http_proxy, $ftp_proxy) - authentication * context sensitive command and filename completion * dynamic progress bar * IPv6 support (from the WIDE project) * modification time preservation * paging of local and remote files, and of directory listings (c.f: `lpage', `page', `pdir') * passive mode support, with fallback to active mode * `set option' override of ftp environment variables * socks4/socks5 support * TIS Firewall Toolkit gate ftp proxy support (c.f: `gate') * transfer-rate throttling (c.f: `-T', `rate') From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lukemftpd

The enhanced ftp daemon from NetBSD. `lukemftpd' is what many users affectionately call the enhanced ftp server in NetBSD (http://www.netbsd.org). The `lukem' comes from the account name of the NetBSD developer who wrote most of the enhancements: Luke Mewburn <lukem@netbsd.org>. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LUN

Logical Unit Number (SCSI) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LUNA

Leuchtendatei fuer UnfallfluchtNAchforschungen (INPOL) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Lunar-Linux

Lunar-Linux began as a fork of Sorcerer GNU/Linux. Lunar-Penguin, the development group behind Lunar-Linux, say they plan for this fork to stay close to the bleeding edge. The initial ISO image lunar-20020321.iso.bz2 was released March 21, 2002. An ISO codenamed PETRO was released April 9, 2002. A revised ISO Petro_e was released April April 19, 2002. Petro_h, the last of the Petro series, was released May 3, 2002. A development version of Lunar, theedge, was made available May 23, 2002. theedge achieved enough stability to become the first Lunar, announced July 15, 2002. Lunar-1.0Beta was released September 2, 2002. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LUNI

LANE User Network Interface (LANE, ATM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lurkftp

monitor changes in ftp sites and opt. mirror to a local directory This is the ultimate ftp site lurker program. It is a simple program to monitor changes in ftp sites and either just report changes or mirror changes into a local directory. So why another mirror program? Because I couldn't get any of the mirror programs on sunsite to do what I wanted half-way reliably & efficiently. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LUT

Look-Up Table (RAMDAC, FPGA, RL) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LuteLinux

LuteLinux is a desktop oriented distribution. The most recent notes on the web site are dated November 2000. Distribution development is not all that active. From LWN Distribution List http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

luxman

Pac-Man clone A Pac-Man clone for SVGALIB. Includes color, sound, several different levels, and difficulty levels. Also includes tools for making your own levels and customizing the game. WARNING: This package CONTAINS SETUID ROOT BINARIES. This is a possible SECURITY RISK. I don't want to tell you not to afraid, but this package is in Debian since 4 years w/o problems. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LV

Logical Volume (LVM) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LV

Low Voltage From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lv

Powerful Multilingual File Viewer lv is a powerful file viewer like less. lv can decode and encode multilingual streams through many coding systems: ISO-8859, ISO-2022, EUC, SJIS, Big5, HZ, Unicode. It recognizes multi-bytes patterns as regular expressions, lv also provides multilingual grep. In addition, lv can recognize ANSI escape sequences for text decoration. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LVD

Low Voltage Differential [technology] (SCSI, Symbois Logic) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LVDS

Low Voltage Differential Signal (TI, NSC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LVE

Live Video Extension (video) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LVM

Logical Volume Manager (AIX, HP/UX, OSF/1, HDD) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LVM

Logical Volume Manager: Most Unix-like systems now have the ability to break up physical discs into some number of units. Storage units from multiple drives can be pooled into a "logical volume", where they can be allocated to partitions. Additionally, units can be added or removed from partitions as space requirements change. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lvm

LVM includes all of the support for handling read/write operations on physical volumes (hard disks, RAID-Systems, magneto optical, etc., multiple devices (MD), see mdadd(8) or even loop devices, seelosetup(8)), creating volume groups (kind of virtual disks) from one or more physical volumes and creating one or more logical volumes (kind of logical partitions) in volume groups. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lvm-common

The Logical Volume Manager for Linux (common files) LVM includes all of the support for handling read/write operations on physical volumes (hard disks, RAID-Systems, magneto optical, etc., multiple devices (MD), see mdadd(8) or even loop devices, see losetup(8)), creating volume groups from one or more physical volumes and creating one or more logical volumes in volume groups. This package includes parts of the LVM packaging which do not depend on the particular IO protocol version of the kernel implementation. You need to install in addition one of lvm5, lvm6, or lvm10. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lvm10

The Logical Volume Manager for Linux LVM includes all of the support for handling read/write operations on physical volumes (hard disks, RAID-Systems, magneto optical, etc., multiple devices (MD), see mdadd(8) or even loop devices, see losetup(8)), creating volume groups from one or more physical volumes and creating one or more logical volumes in volume groups. This provides the IO protocol version 10 compatible binaries (LVM 0.9.x/1.0.x). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LVN

LandesVerwaltungsNetz (Baden-Wuerttemberg) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lvs

Linux Virtual Server kernel patches and support programs The Linux Virtual Server is a highly scalable and highly available server built on a cluster of real servers. The architecture of the cluster is transparent to end users, and the users see only a single virtual server. This package provides the kernel patches and some support programs necessary to implement a virtual server under Linux. With the addition of the mon and heartbeat packages it is possible to implement a complete high-availability solution for Linux. This package includes kernel patches for 2.2.13 and 2.2.14 (0.9.7) and the ipvsadm program (0.9.7). From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LVTTL

Low Voltage Transistor Transistor Level (IC) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LW

Living Worlds (VRML) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LWC

Last Working Configuration (ESCD, PNP, BIOS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LWL

LichtWellenLeiter (cable) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lwm

Lightweight Window Manager lwm is a window manager for X that tries to keep out of your face. There are no icons, no button bars, no icon docks, no root menus, no nothing: if you want all that, then other programs can provide it. There's no configurability either: if you want that, you want a different window manager; one that helps your operating system in its evil conquest of your disc space and its annexation of your physical memory. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LWP

Light Weight Process (Sun, OS) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lwresd

lightweight resolver daemon From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lwresd

Lightweight Resolver Daemon lwresd is the daemon providing name lookup services to clients that use the BIND 9 lightweight resolver library. It is essentially a stripped- down, caching-only name server that answers queries using the BIND 9 lightweight resolver protocol rather than the DNS protocol. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LX

Linear eXecutable (OS/2) From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lx-gdb

Dump and load databases from the HP palmtop gdbload/gdbdump converts any standard database to and from CSV (Comma-Separated-Values) format. Many formatting options are available. World-Time and Appointment databases as well as application specific fields are not supported. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lxdoom

Linux port of boom, an enhanced version of DOOM Doom is a 3d shoot'em'up game, written by id Software, first released in 1993. LxDoom is a version of Doom, designed to run on Linux either under XFree86 or using SVGALib. LxDoom is based on Boom, a freely available port of Doom for DOS, written by TeamTNT (http://www.teamtnt.com/). This package includes only the network game server and the required game wad file (boomlump.wad). To actually play lxdoom, you require lxdoom-x11 or lxdoom-svga, depending on whether you're going to play lxdoom on the console or X. Packages which may also enhance your gameplay are lxdoom-sndserv and lxmusserv, which are the sound server and music server packages, respectively. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lxdoom-sndserv

Sound effects server for LxDoom Sound effects in LxDoom are played by a separate executable, the sound server. This sound server isn't required to play LxDoom (it will detect the presence or absence of both sndserv and musserv) -- it will, however, enhance your playing experience. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lxdoom-svga

Svgalib binary for lxdoom Doom is a 3d shoot'em'up game, written by id Software, first released in 1993. LxDoom is a version of Doom, designed to run on Linux either under XFree86 or using SVGALib. LxDoom is based on Boom, a freely available port of Doom for DOS, written by TeamTNT (http://www.teamtnt.com/). This is the svgalib binary for lxdoom. Note that installing this could be a security risk - if you don't completely trust a setuid doom binary, only use lxdoom-x11. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lxdoom-x11

X binary for LxDoom Doom is a 3d shoot'em'up game, written by id Software, first released in 1993. LxDoom is a version of Doom, designed to run on Linux either under XFree86 or using SVGALib. LxDoom is based on Boom, a freely available port of Doom for DOS, written by TeamTNT (http://www.teamtnt.com/). This is the X binary for LxDoom. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lxmusserv

Linux music server for Doom and Heretic A number of Linux DOOM and Heretic ports use this server to play music, separate from the main game binary. Install this if you want to hear music in these classic 3D shooters. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lxr

Linux Cross-Reference The Linux Cross-Reference project is the testbed application of a general hypertext cross-referencing tool. (Or the other way around.) The main goal of the project is to create a versatile cross-referencing tool for relatively large code repositories. The project is based on stock web technology, so the codeview client may be chosen from the full range of available web browsers. On the server side, any Unix-based web server with cgi-script capability should do nicely. The main feature of the indexer is of course the ability to jump easily to the declaration of any global identifier. Indeed, even all references to global identifiers are indexed. Quick access to function declarations, data (type) definitions and preprocessor macros makes code browsing just that tad more convenient. At-a-glance overview of e.g. which code areas that will be affected by changing a function or type definition should also come in useful during development and debugging. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lxtools

Allows file management on HP100/200LX palmtops. lxtools is an implementation of the HP100/200LX palmtop "filer" protocol. You can put the palmtop into server mode and retrieve files directly from it. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

Lynx

A full-screen, text-only Web browser for UNIX computers, created by Lou Montoulli of the University of Kansas. Lynx is a full-featured Web browser but it cannot display in-line images. From QUECID http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lynx

a general purpose distributed information browser for the World Wide Web From whatis http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lynx

A text-based, non-graphical web brower for use in Telnet session. From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lynx

Lynx is a text-based Web browser. Lynx does not display any images, but it does support frames, tables, and most other HTML tags. One advantage Lynx has over graphical browsers is speed; Lynx starts and exits quickly and swiftly displays webpages. From Redhat 8.0 RPM http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lynx

Text-mode WWW Browser Lynx is a fully-featured World Wide Web (WWW) client for users running cursor-addressable, character-cell display devices (e.g., vt100 terminals, vt100 emulators running on PCs or Macs, or any other "curses-oriented" display). It will display hypertext markup language (HTML) documents containing links to files residing on the local system, as well as files residing on remote systems running Gopher, HTTP, FTP, WAIS, and NNTP servers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lynx-cur

Text-mode WWW Browser with NLS support (development version) Lynx is a fully-featured World Wide Web (WWW) client for users running cursor-addressable, character-cell display devices. It is very fast and easy to use. It will display HTML documents containing links to files residing on the local system, as well as files residing on remote systems running Gopher, HTTP, FTP, WAIS, and NNTP servers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lynx-cur-wrapper

Wrapper for lynx-cur This wrapper will provide almost all basic setup of lynx mainly for novice users using LANG environment variable so a user needs essentially nothing to do except setting LANG appropriately. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lynx-ssl

Text-mode WWW Browser supporting SSL Lynx is a fully-featured World Wide Web (WWW) client for users running cursor-addressable, character-cell display devices (e.g., vt100 terminals, vt100 emulators running on PCs or Macs, or any other "curses-oriented" display). It will display hypertext markup language (HTML) documents containing links to files residing on the local system, as well as files residing on remote systems running Gopher, HTTP, FTP, WAIS, and NNTP servers. This version of Lynx provides the ability to make use of SSL over HTTP for secure access to web sites (HTTPS) and over NNTP for secure access to news servers (SNEWS). SSL is handled transparently, allowing users to continue accessing web sites and news services from within Lynx through the same interface for both secure and standard transfers. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lyskom-elisp-client

Emacs client for LysKOM. A LysKOM client implemented in Emacs LISP. This client is the most used and developed one. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lyskom-server

Server for the LysKOM conference system LysKOM has a lot in common with netnews, but LysKOM is intended for local discussions (instead of worldwide). LysKOM consists of a server process and several client programs. The server process maintains a data base of persons, conferences and articles. The clients connect to the server and let the users browse the database for unread articles. LysKOM is much faster than netnews - almost as fast as irc or ICQ! - but like in netnews the articles are saved so that you don't have to be logged in to receive the news. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lyskom-tty-client

TTY client for LysKOM With lyskom you can connect to your favourite LysKOM. A LysKOM is a computerised conference system where you can participate in discussions, ask questions, and get in touch with interesting people. From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LZO

Lempel-Ziv-Oberhumer (a compression algorithm). From Linux Guide @FirstLinux http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

lzop

A real-time compressor. lzop is a compressor similar to gzip. Its main advantages over gzip are much higher compression and decompression speed. lzop was designed with the following goals in mind: 1) reliability 2) speed (both compression and decompression) 3) reasonable drop-in compatibility to gzip 4) portability From Debian 3.0r0 APT http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LZS

Lempel-Ziv-Stac [compression] From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LZSDCP

[PPP] Lempel-Ziv-Stac - Data Compression Protocol (PPP, RFC 1967), "LZS-DCP" From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

LZW

Lempel-Ziv-Welch [compression] From VERA http://www.tldp.org/LDP/Linux-Dictionary/html/index.html

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